PLS 100:Review sheet for 1st exam (Spring, 2014)
Constitution (Chapter 2)
1. What is an institution?
a. Structures that governs our behavior (rules, norms, culture, who gets what,
and who gets left out)
2. What is the purpose of institutions?
a. Legal division of and protection of private property
3. What do constitutions do to institutions?
a. Constitutions modify institutions
4. Why was the Magna Carta important?
a. Prior, it was not needed the King had absolute authority over citizens and
controlled institutions as dictated by God.
5. What is the difference between a monarchy, aristocracy and democracy?
a. Monarchy: one king
b. Aristocracy: few kings
c. Democracy: many kings
6. What is “home rule?”
a. The colonies were owned by GB, but the colonists had self-governance
7. What was the Boston Tea Party about?
9. What is the difference between a bicameral and unicameral legislature?
10. Which country has the oldest written constitution?
11. What did George Washington think about our constitution?
12. Why was the declaration of independence about?
13. What were the articles of confederations?
14. What was the Congress of the Confederations?
15. In terms of state rights what type of government was established?
16. What events cause the elites to seek a new constitution?
17. Who were the minority and who were the majority the minority needed protection
18. What were the three different types of representation schemes debated at the
19. In the original constitution which branch was popularly elected?
20. What powers were given to Congress to regulate commerce?
21. What powers do the states have in terms of commerce?
22. How did the founders prohibit slavery?
23. What were the 3/5 compromises?
24. What was specified about religion in the original constitution?
25. What was the debate between the Federalist andAnti-Federalist about?
26. What were the Federalist Papers?
27. How was theAnti-Federalist appeased?
28. What are the ways in which we can we propose a constitutional amendment and
ratify a constitutional amendment?
The Documentary “Vote for me”
Federalism (Chapter 3) PLS 100:Review sheet for 1st exam (Spring, 2014)
1. What is the difference between Federalism, Unitary, and Confederate types of
2. What are three advantages and two disadvantages of federalism?
3. What are Express (enumerated) powers?
4. What are implied powers?
5. What is the necessary and proper clause?
6. Why was McCulloch v. Maryland (1819) important?
7. Why was Gibbons v. Ogden (1824) important?
8. What is the commerce clause?
9. Why is the commerce clause important in terms of the states?
10. What are police powers?
11. What are the powers prohibited to states?
12. What are concurrent powers?
13. What is the supremacy clause?
14. What does the full faith and credit clause mean?
15. What are privileges and immunities?
16. What is an extradition clause?
17. What is an interstate compact?
18. What is Dual federalism?
19. Why was Dred Scott v. Sanford (1857) important?
20. What is nullification?
21. What five factors began a shift to a stronger national government
22. What is shared or cooperative federalism?
23. What is fiscal federalism? And which president started this?
24. What are federal mandates?
25. What did Dole v. South Dakota (1987) rule?
26. What is an unfunded federal mandate?
27. What is the difference between general revenue sharing, block grants, and
categorical grants?And how do they differ in terms of federal-state (liberal-
28. What is devolution?
29. Why did President Clinton favor devolution?
30. What was federalism like under the Bush W.’s administration?
31. What is federalism like under Obama’s administration?
Documentary: Friends of God
Civil Liberties (Chapter 5)
1. What is the difference between civil liberties and civil rights?
a. Civil Rights: specify what the government must do to insure equal
protection under the law for allAmericans
b. Civil Liberties: limitations on government action specifying what the
government cannot do
2. What were the three civil liberties provided in the original constitution?
a. Magna Carta (1215) PLS 100:Review sheet for 1st exam (Spring, 2014)
b. Prohibitions of bills of acts that directly punish a specifically name
individual/ group without trial
c. Prohibition of ex post facto laws
i. Ex Post Facto Laws: laws punishing an individual for committing
an act that was legal when it was committed but has since become
3. What did Barron v. Baltimore (1833) rule?
a. whether the United States Bill of Rights could be applied to state
4. Why is the due process clause of the 14 amendment important?
5. What did Gitlow v. New York (1925) do?
6. What is selective incorporation?
7. What is the difference between polytheism and monotheism?
8. How did the foun