Study Guides (238,085)
United States (119,672)
PLS 200 (5)
Dr.Matt (3)


2 Pages
Unlock Document

Michigan State University
Political Science
PLS 200

Agency Theory-Also called the principal-agent model, the basic premise is that bureaucracies are  Should be rational and efficient agents that act on behalf of the legislature  Other properties: Agreement Reality-Things that we believe are real even though we have never actually experienced o Clear assignment of roles them through our five senses o Rules Appellate Jurisdiction-A higher court’s authority to review the record from a trial court o Hierarchy Arrow’s Theorem-The idea that elections cannot be the perfect means of making decisions because the o Professionals method by which votes are tallied can significantly alter the outcome. WHAT DO THEY DO Bureaucracy-The position within the political administrative structure-the desk, not the person-that  Service-examples(dept. of interior, dept. of education, etc.) defines the role or function to be performed  Regulation-food and drug administration Civil Law-The branch of the law that typically deals with relations among private individuals and groups  Implementation-laws put in place are enforced and are decided exactly how those laws are Cockroach Theory of Bureaucracy-The idea that bureaucracies serve the public the best they can and interpreted hope to stay hidden from the media and well fed in the darker recesses of an anonymous bureaucratic BEAURACRCIES IN THE BROADER POLITICAL CONTEXT government  Tension between democracy and bureaucratic institutions Cockroach Theory of Politics-The idea that politicians do not want to be spotted anywhere where they might be stomped on; thus, when they see others caught by the media in a scandal they try to avoid  Beau racy is suppose to be consistent  Overhead democracy-putting some people in charge of democracy getting noticed for a similar indiscretion  Hierarchal components impede control Cognitive Frameworks-The set of instinctual and learned filters the human mind uses for sorting the o The more levels we have the harder it is to control from top down mass of incoming info and selecting which bits it will recognize and pass on to the thinking parts of the  Intensive structure can create a closed system (i.e. iron triangle) brain Criminal Law-The branch of law that concerns relationships involving the government and its  Agency theory provides potential solution relationship with individuals and organizations o Bureaucracy gets hired by congress to do jobs they don’t want to do because they are too tedious and congress is busy (ex. Make regulation for air waves) Direct Democracy-A political system in which all citizens gather together to share perspectives, debate, MORE ON PRINCIPAL AGENT MODEL and vote on policies.  Asymmetric (imbalanced) relationship Dispute Resolution-The role of courts to peacefully settle disputes and keep order in society Dramatic Imperative-The need for commercial news outlets to focus on rare and unusual events that o The master: has power have a tremendous impact on people in order to draw an audience o The expert: has information Experiential Reality-things that we directly experience thru our 5 senses  Who has the net advantage? THE AMERICAN BUREAUCRACY Firs-Past-The-Post System-An electoral system where the candidate with the most votes win regardless  “American public bureaucracy is not designed to be effective. The bureaucracy arises out of of whether the person has majority of the votes cast; there is no run-off election Framing-The use of speech to provide a cognitive framework for understanding an issue, policy, or politics, and its design reflects the interests, strategies, and compromises of those who candidate to predispose people to interpret a myriad of facts and snippets in one way rather than another exercise political power” Going Rate-When judges, through past sentencing set the context for plea bargaining as defense -Terry Moe(1989) attorneys and prosecutors negotiate about what the appropriate penalty should be for an offense for PART 1: INSTITUTIONS OF GOVERNMENT  congress-why do they want beauracacy around? which a plaintiff pleads guilty o They don’t want to do tedious tasks Initiatives-Questions that are put on the ballot by citizens, usually after some sort of qualification process, for example, the collection of a significant # of signatures on a petition o They don’t want to make shitty decisions(especially pertaining to military) Inquisitorial System-In a civil law system, a prolonged pretrial investigative process  Congress doesn’t want to completely be hands off though-2 types of control Iron Triangle-The situation where the bureaucracy is captured and redirected to focus on theneeds of o #1 ex post-after decision has been made they oversee things(committee an interest group rather than on the public interest or even its original mandate oversight has a lot to do with this) o #2 ex ante-before the decision congress stacks a section of the beauracracy Judicial Review-The power to declare laws and gov. acts to be in violation of the nations constitution or in some other way illegal under the structure ofthe country to try and control it Jurisprudence-A philosophyof law Law In Action-How laws are applied and enforced in the real world Lecture Notes October 29 Law in Books-The laws as they are written HYBRID DEMOCRACY -aspects of direct democracy like proposals Majoritarianism-Rule by the majority -2 components of direct democracy Median Voter-the one voter in the center of theideological spectrum Mediated Reality-Reality that comes to us through channels of info flow, primarily through thenews #1-refrenda-come from legislature media, and our of how info is selected, sorted, and presented to us through the news media #2-initiatives-come from interest groups or people Mutual Exploitation Model-the idea that the news media exploit elites by using them for cheap sources -problems of news and that they know will interest the public while, at the same time, the elites exploit the news #1-people might be wrong-aristotle #2-lack of time/expertise media by using them to communicate with thepublic and present a public image that will help their #3-people don’t care political, economic, or social, ambitions Natural Law-a type of jurisdiction that presumes that there is some higher law, which originates with -representative govt God or nature, and that this higher law is discoverable by the use of reason ECONOMIC THEORY OF DEMOCRACY BY ANTHONY DOWNS Original Jurisdiction-the courts authority to be the 1 tribunal to hear a case -key contribution:theorizing about impact of spatial voter preferences Positivist Jurisprudence-a type of jurisprudence that views law as simply the command or will of the -useful for explaining the “why” in terms of explaining modern democracies WHAT THE CURVE PREDICTS recognized sovereign authority of the state -ideological location of canadites Private Law-Law that is concerned with private individuals and private organizations Public Law-Law that concerns relationships involving government and its relationship with individuals -number of political parties and organizations
More Less

Related notes for PLS 200

Log In


Don't have an account?

Join OneClass

Access over 10 million pages of study
documents for 1.3 million courses.

Sign up

Join to view


By registering, I agree to the Terms and Privacy Policies
Already have an account?
Just a few more details

So we can recommend you notes for your school.

Reset Password

Please enter below the email address you registered with and we will send you a link to reset your password.

Add your courses

Get notes from the top students in your class.