Chapter 10: Intelligence 10/17/2013
Intelligencea mental quality consisting of the ability to learn from experience, solving problems, and
use knowledge to adapt to new situations.
Charles Spearman believed we have one general intelligenceand he had a good reason for believing this.
He found that people who do well on one test of mental ability tend to do well on all others, implying that
there is a “key ingredient” for success across tests, which he identified using a statistical tool called factor
analysis , and which he called the general factor.
Gardner’s Theoryintelligence is best thought of as multiple abilities that come in packages.
8 different intelligences. Look up in book.
Savant syndromea condition in which a person otherwise limited in mental ability has an exceptional
specific skill, such as in computation or drawing.
Sternberg’s Theorydistinguishes among three intelligences, which include; analytical intelligence, creative
intelligence and practical intelligence.
Intelligence and Creativity
Creativitythe ability to produce ideas that are both novel and valuable such as works of art.
Research suggests that people who are highly creative know a lot about their domain (expertise), think
about things in novel ways (imagination) are willing to go against trends (personality), and are driven by
interest, satisfaction, and challenge rather than external pressure.
The bigger your brain is the more likely it is that you are more intelligent.
Francis Galtonhad a fascination with measuring human traits, and devised the first tests of mental ability,
which he administered to people in his laboratory at the 1884 London Exposition.
Alfred Binetwith help from his assistant, Theodore Simon, he developed the first standardized test of
intelligence for the purpose of identifying French schoolchildren who were in need of special help in school.
Also, introduced the concept of mental age.
Mental Agechronological age that most typically corresponds to a given level of performance.
Lewis Terman of Stanford University translated the BinetSimon test into English. The StanfordBinet is now