Psych Chapter 10.docx

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Department
Psychology
Course
PSY 101
Professor
Professor Hambrick
Semester
Fall

Description
Chapter 10: Intelligence 10/17/2013 Intelligence­a mental quality consisting of the ability to learn from experience, solving problems, and  use knowledge to adapt to new situations. Charles Spearman believed we have one general intelligence­and he had a good reason for believing this.  He found that people who do well on one test of mental ability tend to do well on all others, implying that  there is a “key ingredient” for success across tests, which he identified using a statistical tool called factor  analysis , and which he called the general factor. Gardner’s Theory­intelligence is best thought of as multiple abilities that come in packages. 8 different intelligences. Look up in book. Savant syndrome­a condition in which a person otherwise limited in mental ability has an exceptional  specific skill, such as in computation or drawing. Sternberg’s Theory­distinguishes among three intelligences, which include; analytical intelligence, creative  intelligence and practical intelligence. Intelligence and Creativity Creativity­the ability to produce ideas that are both novel and valuable such as works of art. Research suggests that people who are highly creative know a lot about their domain (expertise), think  about things in novel ways (imagination) are willing to go against trends (personality), and are driven by  interest, satisfaction, and challenge rather than external pressure. The bigger your brain is the more likely it is that you are more intelligent.  Assessing Intelligence Francis Galton­had a fascination with measuring human traits, and devised the first tests of mental ability,  which he administered to people in his laboratory at the 1884 London Exposition. Alfred Binet­with help from his assistant, Theodore Simon, he developed the first standardized test of  intelligence for the purpose of identifying French schoolchildren who were in need of special help in school.  Also, introduced the concept of mental age. Mental Age­chronological age that most typically corresponds to a given level of performance. Lewis Terman of Stanford University translated the Binet­Simon test into English. The Stanford­Binet is now  one of 
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