Psych Chapter 15.docx

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Department
Psychology
Course
PSY 101
Professor
Professor Hambrick
Semester
Fall

Description
Chapter 15: Psychological Disorders 11/19/2013 World health organization­worldwide, 450 million people (15%) suffer from mental or behavioral disorders. Economic Toll Schizophrenia­$60+ billion annually. Defining Psychological Disorders Statistically unusual behavior vs. psychopathology. Psychological disorders­ongoing patterns of thoughts, feelings, and actions that are abnormal, distressful,  and harmful to the individual or to others. Standards for deviant behavior vary by culture and time. Understanding Psychological Disorders Yesterday’s “Therapy”­in the middle ages, it was assumed that psychological disordered people were  possessed by demons. Accordingly, a common treatment was trephination which is drilling a hole in the  persons head. Early 1800s­Philippe Pinel, inspired by advances in medicine, argued that madness is not demon  possession, but a sickness of the mind caused by stress and inhumane conditions. The aim of his  treatments was thus to relieve stress and improve conditions.  The medical model­the concept that diseases, including those of a psychological nature, have physical  causes that can be diagnosed, treated, and cured through treatment, often in a hospital. Basic assumption­whether normal or disordered, all behavior arises form the interaction of nature and  nurture, and is shaped by culture. Classifying Psychological Disorders DSM­IV­a widely used system for classifying psychological disorders. From mental disorders to brain disorders­early detection equals improved prognosis. Labeling Psychological Disorders Labels­affect perception, and can cause bias. However, they also enable mental health professionals to  communicate about their cases, to comprehend underlying causes of psychological disorders, and to  develop treatments for them. Anxiety Disorders­psychological disorders characterized by distressing, persistent worry, and/or  maladaptive behaviors that reduce worry. Generalized Anxiety Disorder­an anxiety disorder in which a person in continually tense, apprehensive, and  in a state of autonomic system arousal, with both cognitive and physical symptoms.  Panic Disorder­an anxiety disorder marked by brief, unpredictable episodes of intense dread, with terror  and chest pain, choking, or other frightening sensations.  Phobias­an anxiety disorder marked by persistent, irrational fear and avoidance of a specific object or  situation. Obsessive­Compulsive Disorders­marked by unwanted repetitive thoughts and/or actions. Trichotillomania­excessive hair pulling. Compulsive Hoarding­excessive acquisition of and inability or unwillingness to discard large quanti
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