Psych Chapter 16.docx

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Department
Psychology
Course
PSY 101
Professor
Professor Hambrick
Semester
Fall

Description
Chapter 16: Therapy 12/03/2013 The Psychological Therapies Psychotherapy­interaction between trained therapist and a person seeking to overcome a psychological  disorder or achieve personal growth. Psychoanalysis­Sigmund Freud’s therapeutic approach. Psychoanalytic=Freudian. Aims and methods of Freudian­through  free association  and dream analysis , to uncover repressed  thoughts, memories, and feelings, and bring them into conscious awareness to help patient to take  responsibility for their own growth. Latent content­symbolic meaning of a dream, found in dream analysis. Criticisms of Freudian­interpretations of therapist cannot be proven or disproven; also, psychoanalysis takes  a great deal of time (years) and is expensive. Humanistic Therapies­emphasize people’s inherent potential for self­fulfillment; goal to boost self­fulfillment  by helping people grow in self­awareness. Client­centered therapy­a humanistic therapy, developed by Carl Rogers, in which the therapist uses  techniques such as active listening with a genuine, accepting, empathic environment (a non­directive  therapy). Behavior Therapies­therapy that applies learning principles to the elimination of unwanted behaviors. Exposure Therapies­behavior techniques that treats anxiety by exposing people (in imagination or reality) to  the things they fear and avoid. The idea of exposure therapy­just as people can habituate to the sound of a passing train in a new  apartment, they can become less anxiously responsive to the things they once feared. Aversive conditioning­a behavioral technique that associates an unpleasant state with an unwanted  behavior. Token economy­an operant conditioning procedure in which people earn a token of some sort for exhibiting  desired behavior and can later exchange the tokens for various privileges or treats. Cognitive Therapies­therapy that teaches people new, more adaptive ways of thinking and acting; based on  the assumption that thoughts intervene between events and emotional reactions. Cognitive perspective­person’s emotiona
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