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PSY 101 notes for exam 2

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Department
Psychology
Course
PSY 101
Professor
Haagen Klaus
Semester
Spring

Description
Lecture13MemoryReadchapter8CognitiveRevolutionMajorbattleswonagainstradicalbehaviorismoConstraintsonlearningoThinkinganimalsegKohleroEdwardTolmanlatentlearningandcognitivemapsoGeorgeMiller1956themagicnumber7oNoamChomsky1959critiqueofskinneronlanguageOnlyinthelate1950swhenanewmetaphorbecameavailablethecomputerdidthesefindingscoalesceintoanewworldviewMemorythewayinwhichwerecordthepastintheCNSforlateruseinthepresentSensoryMemoryFunctionholdsinformationlongenoughtobeprocessedforbasicphysicalcharacteristicsCapacitylargeoCanholdmanyitemsatonceDurationverybriefretentionofimageso03secondsforvisualinformationo2secondsforauditoryinformationIconicvisualEchoicauditorySperlingsIconicmemoryexperimentFlashinglettersonthegridaskingwhatletterswereinaspecificrowIfhewaitsat06secondsafterfinishingwewontrememberIfhewaits03secondsaftertheimagedisappearswemightstillbeabletorememberShortTermworkingMemoryFunctionconsciousprocessingofinformationoWhereinformationisactivelyworkedonCapacitylimitedoHolds72itemsDurationbriefstorageoAbout30secondsLongTermMemoryExplicitMemoryoConsciouslyaccessibleoAkadeclarativememoryoTwotypesSemanticmemoryfactsdefinitionslyricsEpisodicmemoryspecificeventsImplicitmemoryoNotconsciouslyaccessibleoIncludesproceduralmemoryandbehavioristlearningclassicaloperantProcessHowdoesmemoryworkEncodinggettinginformationintoourbrainmemoryStoragewhatkeepsthatinfoinourbrainwhatwedotokeepthememoryinourmindRetrievalhowwegetinfooutENCODINGThereisabottleneckforshorttermmemorycrammingishardbecauseitshardtoputthatmuchinformationinourbrainsatonetimesmallloadingdock61943785296528342698518164625981695182ChunkingGroupingsmallbitsofinfointolargerunitsofinfoexpandsworkingmemoryloadExWhichiseasiertoremember483792516or483792516HierarchicalOrganizationRelateditemsclusteredtogethertoformcategoriesRelatedcategoriesclusteredtoformhigherordercategoriesRememberlistitemsbetteriflistpresentedincategoriesoPoorerrecallifpresentedrandomlyEveniflistitemsarerandompeoplestillorganizeinfoinsomelogicalpatternThisiswhyoutlinesworkWorkingMemory
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