Study Guides (248,220)
United States (123,295)
Psychology (412)
PSY 101 (191)
Midterm

PSY 101 notes for exam 2

13 Pages
121 Views
Unlock Document

Department
Psychology
Course
PSY 101
Professor
Haagen Klaus
Semester
Spring

Description
Psychology101Readchapter5aftertodayDevelopmentalPsychologyHowdoesthemindcomeintobeingchangeanddevelopBigissuenaturevsnurtureWheredoourknowledgeandtraitscomefrom1Empiricismknowledgeandtraitscomesfromexperiencenurture2NativismknowledgeisinnatebuiltinpersonalityandcognitivevariablesarefixedbeforebirthnatureBigmethodologicalchallengehowcanwetellwhattheyrethinkingPrenatalDevelopmentWeallstartoffasgenericvertebratesWeallstartoffasgirlsIfandrogensmalehormoneskickinaroundweek8girlbecomesaboyBraindevelopmentisextremelyeasytodisruptinuterobyteratogensdisruptdevelopmentespalcoholWeareallborn6monthspremature1Apebrains200ccatbirth400ccasadultdoubles2Australopithecusbrains350cc700cc3Humanbrains385cc1350ccmorethantriple4LonginfancyiscompromisebetweenlargebrainandsmallhipsPostnatalDevelopmentInfantsbrainhashighplasticitylowfunctionality1Onebigshortcircuitalthoughitissmarterthanitseems2RecoverswellfromphysicaldamageDifferentsectionsgetmyelinatedatdifferenttimes1Sectionscomeonline2CausesuniversalprogressionofskillsegwalkingtalkingthinkingEnvironmentshapesandtunesdendriticgrownguidesneuronalpruning1Relatedtocriticalperiodsforlanguageperiodsoutsideofwhichlearningisimpossible2AndsensitiveperiodsforotherskillsperiodswhenlearningiseasierEnrichedenvironmentsstimulateneuralgrowthAfterpubertybrainhaslowplasticityhighfunctionality1Hasalladultskillsincludingabstractthought2PoorrecoveryfromdamageCognitiveDevelopmentCognitionmentalactivitiesassociatedwiththinkingknowingandrememberingInthetextthereareindividualswhoarediscussedindetailknowwhotheyarePiagetisimportantAndSkinnerFreudetcMajoradvancesandmajorideasKnowthefollowingWhatdidPiagetbelieveaboutstagesWhatdowenowknow1HintPiagetturnedouttobecorrectaboutalotHowdoweknowitWhatsortsofmethodsarelikelytotestthistheoryJeanPiaget18961990PiagetbelievedthatchildrenareactivethinkersconstantlytryingtoconstructmoreadvancedunderstandingsoftheworldTheseunderstandingsareintheformofstructureshecalledschemasHisideawasthatthereisabuiltinprogramSchemasExample1SchemashelpusinterpretnewinformationandunderstandtheworldDrawingexamplewerelatedwhatwesawtowhatweknowtohelpusdrawitAssimilationAccommodationlearnconservationassimilationhabituationaccommodationStageTheoriesDevelopmentisnotgradualDevelopmentoccursthroughstepsProgressionfromonesteptothenextresultsfromsomemajorevent1Biologicalmaturation2Importantnewknowledge3ConflictthiswillbeemphasizedinstagetheoriesofpersonalitydevelopmentFourstagesofCognitiveDevelopment1Sensorimotorbirth2yearsaSimplesensorymotorschemasgetelaboratedbyIAssimilationapplyschematonewobjectIIAccommodationchangeschematofitnewobjectbNoobjectpermanenceuntil8monthsNomentalrepresentationsuntillateinthestage2Preoperational26aChildhasmentalrepresentationsbutcantproperlymanipulatethemsameamountofwaterbutpouroneintoatallskinnyglassconceptofconservationbFailureonconservationtasksIWhydowemakemistakesIIWelearnedoneimportantprincipleschemareversibilitysometimesweassimilatewhereweshouldIIIButaccommodatecEgocentrism
More Less

Related notes for PSY 101

Log In


OR

Join OneClass

Access over 10 million pages of study
documents for 1.3 million courses.

Sign up

Join to view


OR

By registering, I agree to the Terms and Privacy Policies
Already have an account?
Just a few more details

So we can recommend you notes for your school.

Reset Password

Please enter below the email address you registered with and we will send you a link to reset your password.

Add your courses

Get notes from the top students in your class.


Submit