SOCIOLOGY FINAL EXAM
General study tips
READ and take notes
Read chapter at least twice
Read your lecture notes & takes notes ON your notes
o Flash cards
During the exam…
Budget your time
Don’t panic when people begin to leave
CHAPTERS TO FOCUS ON
5, 6, 7, 8, 10 ▯social stratification, race & ethnicity, immigration, gender and
sexuality, power and politics
11, 12, 13, 14 ▯family, education, environment, population and aging.
Inequalities among groups and individuals
Based on class, income, race, gender and education
Wage gap between the rich and the poor and how that affects life
chances and health – how to fix this
What kinds of functions the rich serve in society (charitable) Vs. the
Symbols used to portray status in society – the rich own huge cars,
yachts & symbols of their place in society
May also study wage gap but among men and women
1. How is inequality in the US justified?
The idea the some people work harder than others. Ideology ▯meritocracy,
individualism, equal opportunity 2. Why had economic inequality increased in the US?
a. Technology, globalization, outsourcing, minimum wage, union decline
3. What is the relationship between education and social inequality?
a. Education RECREATES social positions
b. The more education, the more opportunities
c. Social mobility recreates social inequality
4. How does the level of poverty in the US compare to similar countries?
a. US has high poverty
b. Out of the 11 advanced industrialized countries, US is one of the highest
c. WHY??? Less money towards alleviating poverty
According to Karl Marx, those who provide labor are the proletariat.
Those who own the land/materials are the bouregiouse