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University of Missouri - Columbia

Study Guide, Midterm Exam —Anthropology 3560, Spring 2014 I. Terms to know (to be used in matching question): The exam will consist of 15 matching terms drawn from this list. Explanations/definitions of these terms can be found in any or all of your sources (lecture, one or both of the Crawford books) antibiotic fungus pathogen antibody humoral immunity pathogenicity antigen immunogenicity plasmid antigenic drift* inapparent infection plasmodium antigenic shift* incubation period pneumonic plague arbovirus infectious period prion bacteria infectivity protozoa carrier state inoculation retrovirus chronic infectious disease latent period schistosomiasis clinical approach lymphocyte septicemic plague congenital macrophage toxin coprolite microbiological approach vaccination crowd disease mode of transmission vaccine disease threshold morbidity vector endemic parasite (general sense) virulence epidemic parasite (specific sense) virus epidemiological approach pandemic zoonosis them correctly in The Invisible Enemy.as genetic drift and genetic shift in Deadly Companions, but refers to II. Short answer questions (answer with a list of terms or phrases, or a sentence or two): The exam will include 5 of these questions. L = lecture, DC = Deadly Companions, IE = Invisible Enemy 1. Give three similarities or differences between bacteria and viruses. (L, IE1) 2. Explain the basis for the clinical/microbiological/epidemiological approach to disease classification and give two examples of categories used in this approach. Note: if this question is chosen for the exam, one of the three approaches will be specified. (L) 3. Use a sentence or two to describe one common mechanism viruses use to infect cells. (IE1) 4. Describe how scientists decide on the composition of the yearly flu vaccine. (IE3) 5. Why are the herpes viruses able to cause recurrent episodes of infection? According to Crawford, what is the general name given to these kinds of viruses? (DC1, DC2, IE4) 6. What does it mean to say an organism is a disease vector? List three types of vectors. (L) 7. List three health effects of water control systems. Include at least one positive and one negative effect in your answer. (L) 8. List three potential sources of information on the nature of infectious diseases in prehistoric hunter-gatherers. (L, DC2) Midterm Study Guide, p. 2 9. The first historical evidence for the use of quarantine policies to help control the spread of disease is associated with which disease? When did this occur? W
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