Terminology list #1.pdf

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University of Missouri - Columbia
Classical Humanities
CL_HUM 3350
John Lester

liminal - limen, threshold. borderline space that is potentially dangerous, may need to take precautions autochthon/autochthony - in some fashion come from the land themselves, means “self - earth” epichoric - peculiar to a certain area Panhellenic - relating to all of Greece eopnym - how a place gets its name alterity (“otherness”) - the idea of a area constructed on a set of ideas and that other places are different polis - city, center of culture of region aetiology - the events that provide the generative force that is the origin of something Thrace - the land just to the north of Greece Athens - Thebes - theomachos - god fighter Parthenon - temple of Athena Pediments a. West 1. Athena v. Poseidon b. East 1. Birth of Athena 1. Metopes (W, E, and S, all have same theme triumph over disorder by order (Polis vs. wilderness)) a. West 1. Amazonomachy b. North 1. Trojan War c. East 1. Gigantomachy d. South 1. Centauromachy 2. Frieze a. Panathenaic procession 3. Statue (Athena Parthenos, dedicated 438 BCE) a. right hand: Nike b. Shield: Amazonomachy, Gigantomachy, snake c. Sandals: Centauromachy d. Base: Pandora e. Aegis: Medusa Athena - goddess of wisdom and order, goddess of Athena myth type maenad - followers of Dionysos, satyr - one of a troop of male companions of Pan and Dionysus with goat-like (caprine) features, including a goat-tail, goat-like ears, and sometimes a goat-like phallus mania - madness, frenzy" and that from the verb "μαίνομαι" (mainomai), "to be mad, to rage, to be furious". madness, usually referring to that instilled by Dionysus Pagasos of Eleutherai Pegasos (not the flying horse) arrives from Eleutherai and introduces Dionysos, and brings a cult statue of Dionysos f. the men don’t want to worship Dionysos, and are given a disease of the genitals until they worship Dionysos, they must also construct phalloi (dicks) and parade them around in a procession g. couldn’t get the erection to go down 1. Satyriasis, priapism states of constant erection City Dionysia Dionysus comes to town 2. dithyramb (processional hymn) was a ritual that lead to the beginning of tragedy in Greece 3. Thespis (who is Thespis), Aristotle gives us information about the theater. 4. tragedy - tragos - ode, the song of a goat. the performance of the song for the sacrifice for the god 5. mystic cult - you lose yourself in this cult, enthusiasmos, you become a part of the thiasos, this was good for greek theater because they were already able to be taken over by a character 6. violating boundaries: the masks for performers a. Transvestism: the actors h. after the 3 tragedies, there was a satyr play, satyrs were dionysus’ followers 1. more of a comedy, lighten the mood after 3 tragedies 2. the satyrs make up the chorus i. they have a big procession carrying a statue of dionysus into the theater, to watch the performances and bless the festival j. Eleutherae a town on the border of Attica and Bosai where dionysus drove two girls mad for making fun of him in a goat outfit. to be cured they
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