Ancient World History Study Guide Test 3
I. Cursus honorum
A. Roman career path or ladder. Literally “the succesion of magistracies,” which
were supposed to be held in certain order ending with the highest of honors, the
censorship, attained by very few.
II. Tribunes of the People
A. the annually elected civilian ofﬁcers of the plebs. They had the power of
intercessio, that enabled them to veto the activities of virtually all magistrates and
A. The bearer of imperium. More generally, a successful military commander. From
the Flavian period the term imperator became a title of the emperor.
A. At Rome, supreme delegated authority in civic and military realms vested in
certain magistrates, such as consuls and praetors
A. At the end of his year in ofﬁce a consul might has his command continued with
this title for a set period or given an assignment elsewhere
A. Manumitted slave. In Rome, if the legal forms were followed the freeman
received the citizenship and took the manumittor’s name. In Greece, the
freedman became a free, legal alien or metic. VII. Dictator
A. Temporary emergency magistrate at Rome. The customary principle of
collegiality was set aside, but the term of ofﬁce was for only six months.
A. Roman assembly of all citizens. They voted in 193 weighted units called
centuries. It had elective, administrative, and judicial capacities
I. Lucretia married to Collatinus was deﬁled and raped by Sextus Tarquinius. He was
company and honored guest in Collatia, but was torn to rape Lucretia in her
innocence. He attempted to force her to yield to his love with his sword, but she
would not budge. This is when he devised a plan to make it look as if she was
adulterous so she gave in to Sextus. He then sent for her husband and father along
with their companions Valerius and Brutus. They were told the story by Lucretia and
anger overwhelmed their grief, and together they agreed to take down the King in
Rome, and that no other man would hold the position. Brutus took up as leader, he
also held ofﬁce in the Tribune of Knights.
II. Tiberius was attempting to pass a land law for dividing the land, but had to remove
Octavius from his tribunate is he wanted to bring his law to a vote. Octavius was
removed, and the law passed. Tiberius created a new magistrate in a way, but was
resented for is as well.
III. Three Sovereign Elements of Rome are the consuls, who are Rome’s “supreme
masters of the administration.” (333, Bailkey-Lim) The next is the Senate who
control all of treasury. The last part is the most important part, and that is people.