J1100 Test Tomorrow 02/19/2014
Lecture and Reading Topics
A social institution: The social institution of journalism would be the profession of journalism, like as the 4
A profession: It’s a duty to society.
A craft: It requires certain skills.
Critical thinking, listening, multitasking, note taking
Multitasking is a barrier
Maintain eye contact
Helps remember and remind what we know
Journalistic note taking
Shut up and listen Use your senses
Get the names of the people (and the dog)
Be to the point
Tell them how much time you need
Journalism in a democracy: Journalists’ role is to inform citizens. Citizens are informed if they attend to the
information journalists provide. The more citizens are informed, the more likely they will be to participate
politically. The more citizens participate, the more democratic the country is likely to be.
What 5 things is democracy built on? Slash characteristics of democracy?
Each vote being equal
Voters having real and free choices
Open access to info
Lippmann v. Dewey’s views on democracy and journalism
Lippmann: Experts and elites should govern while the public are bystanders.
Dewey: Democracy means the public should engage in the conversation and participate in government.
Hutchins Commission recommendations
Freedom of the press
Social responsibility theory
Kinds of Liberal and Republican democracies and their role of journalism in each
Authority is shared among competing interest groups Multiple centers of power
Journalism is partisan and segmented
Journalism mobilizes members of groups
Journalism advocates for the groups interests
Public’s role is limited to substituting one government for another
Government more for the people than by the people (Lippmann)
Journalism covers crises and campaigns
Journalism acts as a check on power by altering citizens to problems
Authority exercises collectively through appeals to common interest
Free and public reasoning among equals
Journalism facilitates deliberation
Journalism accommodates and amplifies debate and discussion
Democracy required unmediated participation in public affairs
All people govern, at least part of the time Journalistic approach:
Journalism promotes dialogue
Journalism serves as a forum for debate discussion
The role of citizens in a democracy
Depends on your view. Lippmann thinks the role of citizens in a democracy is to be bystanders. Dewey
thinks the role of citizens in a democracy is to engage in public discussion.
The common metaphors that describe journalism’s role in a democracy
Must be clear, accurate, and complete
Must be free from factors that distort it
Giving voice to the voiceless—protect minority voices
You are not the judge and jury—you listen and report things as they are OBJECTIVELY
Free and open exchange of info (Dewey)
Republican idea of a Pluralist Democracy
What is Journalism defined as (p33 of book)?
Journalism is a set of transparent, independent procedures aimed at gathering, verifying, and reporting
truthful information of consequence to citizens in a democracy.
Threats to the watchdog role