Psych Final Exam Review.docx

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Department
Psychology
Course
PSYCH 2410
Professor
van Marle
Semester
Spring

Description
DevelopmentalPsychologyExam405072014PsychFinalExamReviewChapter12FunctionsoffamiliesSurvivalofoffspringfamilieshelptoensurethatchildrensurvivetomaturitybyattendingtotheirphysicalneedshealthandsafetyThisgoalismostimportanteconomicandculturalfunctionsareoflittleimportanceifthechilddoesnotsurviveTHENifthechildrenaretofarewellthentheywillneedtheskillstomakealivingandvaluesofthenormsofsocietytheyliveinEconomicfunctionfamiliesprovidethemeansforchildrentoacquiretheskillsandotherresourcesthattheywillneedtobeeconomicallyproductiveinadulthoodCulturaltrainingfamiliesteachchildrenthebasicvaluesoftheircultureFamilyDynamicstheywayinwhichthefamilyoperatesasawholeMostimportantpredictoroffunctioningParentalSocializationSocializationistheprocessthroughwhichchildrenacquirethevaluesstandardsskillsknowledgeandbehaviorsthatareregardedasappropriatefortheirpresentandfutureroleintheirparticularcultureParentstypicallycontributetotheirchildrenssocializationinatleast3differentwaysDirectInstructorsparentsmaydirectlyteachtheirchildrenskillsrulesandstrategiesandexplicitlyinformoradvisethemonvariousissuesIndirectSocializersParentsprovideindirectsocializationthroughtheirownbehaviorswithandaroundtheirchildrenthroughtheireverydayactionsparentsunintentionallydemonstrateskillsandcommunicateinfoandrulesTheymodelattitudesandbehaviorstowardotherssuchasunderstandingandhelpfulnessorintoleranceandaggressionSocialmanagersparentsmanagetheirchildrensexperiencesandsociallivesincludingtheirexposuretocertainpeopleactivitiesandinformationThisisespeciallyprominentwhenthechildrenareyoungForexampletheparentsdecidingtoenrolltheirchildrenindaycareexperiencesmaydramaticallydifferfromthosechildrenwhodailycareisprovidedathomeParentingStylesparentingbehaviorsandattitudesthatsettheemotionalclimateinregardtoparentchildinteractionssuchasparentalresponsivenessanddemandingnessThereare2dimensionsofparentingstylesthatareparticularlyimportantResponsivenessDemandingness4TypesofParentingStylesAuthoritativeParentingHighinbothResponsivenessandDemandingnessDemandingbutalsowarmandsupportiveSetclearstandardsandarefirmenforcershoweverstillallowsomeautonomywithintheirlimitsRespectandconsidertheirchildsperspectiveAuthoritarianParentingHighinDemandingnessandlowinResponsivenessNonresponsivetotheirchildsneedsandenforcetheirdemandsthroughparentalpowerandtheuseofthreatsandpunishmentOrientedtowardsobedienceandauthorityandexpecttheirchildtocomplywiththeirdemandswithoutquestionorexplanationPermissiveParentingHighinResponsivenessandlowindemandingnessRespondtotheirchildsneedsbutdonotrequiretheirchildrentoregulatethemselvesoractinappropriatematurewaysRejectingneglectingParentingLowinbothresponsivenessanddemandingnessDonotsetlimitsforormonitortheirchildrensbehaviortheyarenotsupportiveandaresometimesrejectingneglectfulTendtofocusontheirownneedsvstheneedsoftheirchildrensChildrenasaninfluenceonparenting
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