ANS 105 Review Sheet for Exam 3 Please remember, this is only a study guide. It is meant to assist you in remembering the important material (not to provide all the questions to be asked on the assessment). I wish you much success on Exam 3 and let someone know if you have a quick question! Dr A 1. Know the Anatomy Physiology Notes: Examples = Know the three head types in dogs and examples of them the name of the genetic condition that causes one of these (what else can this condition cause?). Example Question: Which dog head type has the greatest range in sight? Name one breed that is an example of this. Where there any terms defined? 3 head types: Dolichocephalic: greyhound, German Shepherd Greatest range in sight Mesaticephalic: Golden retriever, border collie Breath the best (working dogs) Brachycephalic: bulldog, pug Chondrodystrophy: genetic defects in the proper growth of the cartilaginous models for bones Ossification: the differentiation of cells into osteoblasts (how bones are developed and grow) Suture: gaps of nonossified tissue between the bones during growth 2. Know the 2 basic components that the skeleton is divided into, they are...? Know body part functions. Example Questions: ______ assists with ventilation and serves to protect main organs. How is the declawing discussion pertinent? How about the tail docking and ear cropping new information? 2 basic components of the skeleton: Axial: Skull, vertebral column, ribcage, sternum Skull: over 30 bones, houses and protects the brain and special senses Vertebral column: protects spinal cords and supports skull Cervical, thoracic, lumbar, sacral, caudal Ribcage: assists with ventilation and serves to protect main organs 13 pairs 2 main functions: protect and support Appendicular Thoracic and Pelvic limbs 2 basic functions of the skeleton: support and storage Extra credit question: Polydactyl=Hemingway 3. Know the vertebral column regions. Example Question: Why do some breeds vary in the number of bones in the caudal region NATURALLY? Cervical, thoracic, lumbar, sacral, caudal 4. You will not be asked to identify what bones are in the thoracic or pelvic limbs. Know the functions of the coverings and linings of the body. Example Question: Describe the function of chemical exchange in the body or list 4 of the functions of the coverings and linings of the body.