PSYC 102 Quiz: Reposted Document, use for quiz prep as well

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9 Oct 2017
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Department
Course
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Psychology Notes
(Not covered in lecture-Effortful
processing
and
strategies
pg.286-289
Improving
memory
pg.299-300)
Memory
○ Why do we need memory?
■ To retain useful skills, knowledge, and expertise
■ To recognize familiar people and places
■ To build our capacity to use language/to learn
■ To enjoy, share, and sustain culture
■ To build a sense of self that endure
○ What is memory?
■ The persistence of learning over time through the storage and
retrieval of information
■ Three measures of retention (three R’s):
Recall- retrieval of information learned earlier (fill in the
blanks)
Recognition-Identifying items previously learned (multiple
choice)
Relearning- learning something quicker when learned a
second time (studying for an exam)
○ Sensory Memory
■ The immediate, very brief recording of sensory information in the
memory system (external events-sensory input-sensory memory)
○ Iconic Memory
■ A momentary sensory memory of visual stimuli
○ Echoic Memory
■ A momentary sensory memory of auditory stimuli
○ Sensory Register- Sperling
■ Improved method of getting accurate test of sensory memory
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