The Apology Notes.docx

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PHIL 1101
Serena Parekh

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The Apology (Written by Plato) Socrates • Testing a Theory • No force • Innocent • Proving himself superior • Arrogant  ▯knows he knows nothing • God’s Gift Plato vs. Socrates SOCRATES • 470­399 BC • Socrates wrote nothing (all oral)  ▯We know him just from Plato’s writing • Socrates is extraordinary influential in philosophy o Was on trial in 399 BC at age 70 o Not a handsome man o Plato’s teacher PLATO • Student of Socrates (428­348 BC) • After Socrates’ death, he formed a school: the Academy • Generally considered to be the first major philosopher • “The Apology” is written by Plato but it is generally accepted to be Socrates’ own  views • “Apology” = defense of explanation Socrates’ claims/beliefs: (“wrote”)  ­ Apology ­ Meno ­ Crito Plato’s beliefs ­ The Republic Socrates’ Quotes: “The unexamined life is not worth living” and “better to suffer harm  than to do harm” Apology “plot” • Socrates is accused of impiety and corrupting the youth of Athens • He tries to defend himself • Verdict is guilty • Ultimately he is put to death by drinking hemlock (accepts this willingly) Socrates’ Philosophic Mission • Circophone (Socrates’ friend) asks The Delphic Oracle if anyone is wiser than  Socrates o Oracle says no  o Socrates is puzzled • Socratic irony: Says he knows nothing in which he basically is saying he does  know something • He asks people who claim to be wise: What is justice? o Poets: Traidtional bearers of wisdom (Homer’s work) o Politicans o Craftsmen: Knew how to do things (like business people) • What leads him to conclude that he is in fact the wisest person in Athens? o He knows that he doesn’t know anything • His mission: Urging people to take care of their souls Charge 1: Impiety (n
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