The Republic by Plato (Book I) Notes

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Department
Philosophy
Course
PHIL 1101
Professor
Serena Parekh
Semester
Spring

Description
•  The Republic by Plato (BOOK I)   • Important term: the “soul” (your inner or true self) o Not the immortal soul of Christianity Main Characters • Socrates (voice of Plato) • Cephalus: Old wealthy businessman (voice of reason/wisdom) • Polemarchus • Glaucon and Adeimantus (Socrates student  ▯good­natured and genuinely curious) • Thrasymachus: An Anatagonous (A sophist and squares off with Socrates) Why are there characters? • Represent different views • Create a community Plato thinks there are 3 parts of a person 1. Reason = logic (stories, myths) 2. Spirit = Emotions (pictures) 3. Appetite Books I­II (On the nature of Justice) Definition 1 of Justice: Cephalus • Justice is telling the truth and paying back what is owed • Socrates says that there is a problem with this  Definition 2: Polymarchus • Justice is helping friends and harming enemies • This is the conventional view of Justice • Socrates says that how would you know your friends are morally just and your  enemies are really that evil • “It is never right to harm anyone” because doing harm, harms yourself Definition 3: Thrasymachus • Justice is the interest of the stron
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