Aristotle- Nichomachean Ethics (Book II)

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Department
Philosophy
Course
PHIL 1101
Professor
Serena Parekh
Semester
Spring

Description
Aristotle­ Nichomachean Ethics (Book II) 4 Parts of the Soul  • Rational A: Practical reason – Character Virtue • Rational B: Theoretical reason – (does math) • Irrational A: Passions – (can be persuaded to obey reason) • Irrational B: Nutrition and growth – (not rational) What is character virtue? • Character virtue: A character trait human being needs to flourish or live well that is  manifested in habitual action • Character traits: Dispositions to feel and react as well as act in certain ways • Habitual: You do no have the virtue of ‘honesty’ if you only tell the truth when it  serves your purposes • The honest person is honest no matter what Different people have different virtues • Auto mechanic vs. a doctor • WE also want to asses people as people to see if this person is a “good person” = this  is what moral virtues refer to  • Moral virtue: The character traits manifested in habitual action by good people • For Aristotle o Some virtues may be more or less important to you o But there are some virtues that all people should have (courage, good decision  making, generosity, honesty, loyalty) • We get virtue by practicing o First it is forced, like out of habits What is character virtue? 1. A hexis (stable state) 2. Having to do with choice 3. Consisting in a mean between excess and deficiency 4. A mean relative to us 5. A mean determined by logos 6. A mean determined the way someone with practical wisdom would determine “Stable State” • You aren’t really good if you struggle with themselves • Self­control not a virtue • Degrees of virtue: o Virtue: Know the right th
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