Review 1 (Psyc 1101) Spring_2013
Definition of modern psychology. Wilhelm Wundt: elements of consciousness,
William James: functionalism
Freud: the unconscious
Wertheimer: Gestalt psychology
Major research areas:
Developmental Psychology (human development across the life span: childhood,
puberty, adolescence, etc.).
Social Psychology (interpersonal behavior: attitude formation, attitude change,
prejudice, conformity etc.).
Experimental Psychology (among others: sensation, perception, learning,
Physiological Psychology (role of brain, peripheral nervous system in behavior).
Cognitive Psychology ('higher' mental processes: memory, thinking, language,
Personality (consistency in behavior: which factors shape personality, how to assess
Empiricism (knowledge through observation); determinism; scientific attitude
(objectivism, skepticism, open-mindedness)
Observer bias; subject bias
Correlation studies; correlation coefficient -- negative (-1very strong), positive (+1very
strong), zero-- no correlation
Theory (general definition)
dependent and independent variable
Operational definition = ******VERY IMPORTANT