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Foundations of Psychology Notes

4 Pages

Course Code
PSYC 1101

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Foundations of Psychology 1 1/20 Scientific Method • attitudes necessary for scientific inquiry • curiousity • (money) • skepticism • objectivity (attitudes) • nature of sm assume orderly universe • • cause/effect • identical situations • scientifically solving a problem • observe • define • review literature • observe more • develop theoretical framework and form hypotheses • choose research design • collect data • analyze results • draw conclusions observation: context of discovery • • research begins w forming idea • observations, beliefs, general knowledge • come up w new ideas • naturalistic observation • study behavior in natural setting • experimental setting can distort behavior lacks control over situation • • doesnt give causation • compassion • definig the problem • once idea developed (be specific) • operating concepts • must be operationalized (even ones not directly observed) • SELF ESTEEM: ones ability to defend themself based on their opinion of such a person • reviewing the literature • knowledge of relevant lit essential because provide • background • suggests approaches indicates what has already been done • • observe more • worthwhile to observe more • help focus research • develop theoretical framework Foundations of Psychology 2 • statement to predict results • clarify each term in statement means in framework of research • theories • from ideas • attempts to understand how brain mind behavior and environment work together (how theyre related) • organized set of concepts that explian phenomenon or set of phen. • expected to account for known facts & generate new ideas/hypotheses • hypotheses • form theories • develop tentative and testable statement about the relationships btwn cause/consequence (if...then...) • gives us certain outcomes from specific conditions • conduct research for verification • if hypothesis proven untrue, rethink theory • theories and hypoth. have continual interaction: theory to hyp to theory to hypoth... • must justify conclusions context for justification • • phase where evidence brought to bear on hyp • experimental method • choose research design • correlational method • two variables observed in nature to find relationship btwn them • doesnt imply cause/effect • range from [-1,1] • positive correlation • rise in one variable causes rise in other • zero correlation • upside down u correlation • .66 ish, IQ to income • correlation doesnt imply causality, just relation • experimental method • separating casual factors • running experiment many times w just one variant • variables • any factor that rises • independent manipulate to measure change in dep variable • • depen
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