Chart of Psychological Theories

5 Pages
57 Views

Department
Psychology
Course Code
PSYC 3404
Professor
Christina Cipriano

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Description
THEORIST WHAT HOW PRINCIPLES OTHER KEY DEVELOPS DEVELOPMENT TERMS PROCEEDS PSYCHODYNAMIC Freud Focus on inner Behavior motivated Personality has Pleasure person, by inner forces, three aspects: principle unconscious memories and id, ego, forces act to conflicts superego Fixations determine Stages of personality and psychosexual behavior development BEHAVIORAL Watson Focus on Behavior is a result Classical observable of continuing Conditioning behavior and exposure to (organisms outside specific learn to environment environmental respond in a stimuli factors; particular way developmental to a neutral change is stimuli) quantitative Skinner Focus on Voluntary response Operant Deliberate observable is strengthened or Conditioning actions on behavior and weakened by environment outside association with Behavior environment negative or positive stimuli consequence modification Bandura Focus on Behavior is learned Social- Model learning through Cognitive through observation learning occurs Reward observation through four steps: Attend/Perceiv e Recall Accurately Reproduce Motivated to carry out behavior COGNITIVE Piaget Focus on Human thinking is Sensorimotor Schemes processes that arranged in allow people to organized mental Preoperational Cognitive Equilibrium know, patterns that Concrete understand represent behavior Operational and think about and actions, the world understanding of Formal world improves Operational through assimilation and (Post Formal thought?) accommodation Information Focus primarily Information is Cognitive Non-Piagetan Processing on memory thought to be development theory Approach processed in serial, proceeds discontinued quickly in manner as it certain areas moves from stage and more to stage, slowly in information is others, stored in multiple experience locations plays greater throughout the role in brain by means of cognition network connections Cognitive Focus on Approach Associations Autism Neuroscience cognitive considers internal, between Schizophrenia Approach development mental processes, specific genes through lens of but focuses and a wide brain specifically on the
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