PSYC 3406 Study Guide - Fall 2018, Comprehensive Midterm Notes - Serotonin, Estrogen, Dsm-5

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PSYC 3406
MIDTERM EXAM
STUDY GUIDE
Fall 2018
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DSM-5 → diagnostic statistical manual
Axes 1 Disorders
Illnesses that are affective in nature → emotion
Anxiety
Depression
Affective emotional state → emotional stability
Eating disorders
Bipolar disorder
ADHD
PTSD
OCD
Axes 2 Disorders
Personality disorders
Borderline personality disorder → extreme emotional states
Obsessed with others, fine line between love and hate
Obsessive compulsive personality disorders
Antisocial personality disorder
Lack of empathy
Sociopathic tendencies → highly manipulative, fluctuate between
introversion and extraversion, high executive functioning, really high
empathy but to own benefit
Lawyer
Politics
Emotionally abusive
Psychopathic vs. sociopathic
Psycho →
More aggressive physically (and sometimes emotionally)
Lack empathy
Less neurons in amygdala
Socio →
Very high empathy
Axes 2 are more difficult to identify and treat
Medication development
SSRIs and SNRIs helpful in treating axes 1 (antidepressants)
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Axes 1 fluctuates = states
Axes 2 = traits
Name:
Criteria:
Treatment:
Major Depression
At least 2 weeks
Loss of
interest/hobbies/esteem
circumstantial/chemical/
both
Lack of self-care
Medication → SSRIs
and SNRIs (have to do
with blocking
reuptake)
Therapy
Changes in
environment
Look into comorbidity
Borderline Personality
Disorder
Problems with self
functioning
Problems with
intimacy/empathy
Emotional
instability/liability
Impulsive/risk taking
DBT → dialectical
behavior therapy
Helps
understand
behavior
MBT → mentalization
based therapy
Talk therapy
Therapy
All together create cognitive
restructuring
Sociopathic Tendencies
High level of empathy
No conscious
Extraversion
introversion
Impulsive
Tend to be narcissistic
Delusions of grandeur
Megalomaniacs
Consistent treatment
Show in own interest
to behave
appropriately
Analyzing dreams
Anxiety
Panic/anxiety attacks
Irrational anxiety
Dysfunction/ avoidance
of situations
SSRIs
Benzodiazepine
CBT → cognitive
behavior therapy
Hypnotherapy
Service animals
Not SNRIs because
they are arousing
Benzos activate
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Document Summary

Illnesses that are affective in nature emotion. Borderline personality disorder extreme emotional states. Obsessed with others, fine line between love and hate. Sociopathic tendencies highly manipulative, fluctuate between introversion and extraversion, high executive functioning, really high empathy but to own benefit. Axes 2 are more difficult to identify and treat. Ssris and snris helpful in treating axes 1 (antidepressants) Medication ssris and snris (have to do with blocking reuptake) Show in own interest to behave appropriately. Benzos activate dopamine and thus are more addictive. Many myths are associated with mental illness. Impairment is set in the context of person"s background. Bulimia is more culture bound than anorexia. Restrictive eating occurs everywhere in the world, even in animals. Biology underlies restrictive eating, grow lanugo (fine hair) for insulation. Waste-away syndrome several birds die after receiving high levels of estrogen (puberty) interacts with serotonin and causes them to stop caring about natural rewards (food, mating)

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