[SOCL 1101] - Midterm Exam Guide - Everything you need to know! (10 pages long)

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SOCL 1101
MIDTERM EXAM
STUDY GUIDE
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Karina Da Rosa
Sociology
1. Conceptual Foundations of Sociology
a. The Sociological Imagination
i. C.W. Mills
1. Social critic
a. Dramatic changes post-WWII
i. Growing influence of elites
2. Connection between personal troubles and public issues
a. Correlation between big picture issues and how we may
experience them on a more intimate level
i. Sexual harassment victims often blame themselves
and do not initially acknowledge that it is not just
them experiencing this detriment
ii. Larger forces that persuade us to make the choices that we do
1. Attending college may be decided before you are born given the
circumstance that it would be unusual to do otherwise
b. Fundamental Principles
i. Things are often not what they appear
1. All people are susceptible to myths in the sense that false views
persist at the fault of institutionalized interests
a. Appearance distorts reality - correlation between mental
illness and homelessness
i. Homeless people may be perceived as mentally ill
due to their circumstances and vice versa
2. Develop deeper understanding beyond naive assumptions
ii. Human life is institutionally and culturally regulated
1. Thoughts, feelings and actions are not biologically defined
a. Animals vs humans
i. Instincts vs institutions
ii. Genetic codes vs social codes
b. What we think, feel and do is shaped by the social positions
we hold in society and by the norms in said society
iii. Holism
1. The structure as a whole is more important than the sum of its part
a. Emergent properties
i. Characteristics of societies and communities cannot
be observed in its individuals but only as a group
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iv. Positivism
1. Social life is governed by knowable patters, regulations, and laws
a. Identify valid generalizations about human interaction
2. Emile Durkheim’s book on Suicide
a. Suicide rates vary across groups, regions and societies
b. Sources of variation
i. Religion
ii. Family structure
iii. Political events
c. Collective consciousness
i. Rates of suicide plummet when the feeling of “we”
is more pronounced : the day after 9/11 suicide rates
were very low because of social cohesion
c. Origins of Sociology
i. Sociology of sociology : Conley
1. What social conditions first produced sociology
a. Established in the 19th century
ii. Key figures and their Contributions
1. Karl Marx
a. Importance of material conditions and class relations
2. Max Weber
a. Importance of religious ethics and status
3. Emile Durkheim
a. Advocate of functionalism's : societies are organic systems
4. W.E.B. Du Bois
a. Challenged racist views towards blacks
b. Prompted the concept of double consciousness
iii. Contemporary Sociology
1. Growth in the USA
a. Established a place in the social sciences
i. American sociology as the leading example
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