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Individuals from the large family of close relatives to homo sapiens.
Lived roughly 3.2 million years ago. Early ancestor of humans. Hominid. Small
One of first fossils recognized as being homo sapiens discovered in a cave in
France from about 40,000 years ago.
Both chloroplasts and mitochondria were once free living cells (Prokaryotes).
Eventually, they ended up inside the same organism, and worked better together
than apart so eukaryotic cells developed.
Lived in East Africa about 200,000 years ago. The hypothetical most recent
common ancestor of all living humans. Has a certain mt sequence that has been
passed down in every generation since.
A term used to describe a group of mitochondrial sequences that are more closely
related to one another than to others, indicated a recent common ancestor for the
L1, L2, L3, N, M:
Haplogroups of the early development of the species in Africa. L1, L2 stayed in
Africa and L3 is the group that migrated into the Middle East. N mitochondria