POLI SCI 220- Final Exam Guide - Comprehensive Notes for the exam ( 107 pages long!)

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POLI SCI 220
Final EXAM
STUDY GUIDE
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….Was a little late so
There is a hierarchy graph → look on powerpoint
Unilateral action
The federal bureaucracy
- A diverse collection of departments, agencies, bureaus, commissions, and other units of
the executive branch that can carry out government policies
- A creation of congress and president
- Congress creates new agencies but the president has significant control over
policy implementation
MISSED A BUNCH → PICKING CLASSES
Rise of modern bureaucracy
- Replace “spoils system,” though political appointments remai for top level bureaucrats
Do we need a bureaucracy?
- Bureaucracy can help to solve collective dilemmas
- Public goods and free-rider problems
- Public goods and market failures
- Regulation ca hep coordinate commercial activities, solve prisoner's’ dilemmas
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LATE LOOK AT PP
Presidential powers:
- Executive orders
Presidential constraints;
- Checks and balances
- Supreme court
Framers and the presidency
- The framers were ambivalent about:
- Executive power
- Republican freedom
- Popular opinion and demagoguery
- The framers designed the presidency to:
- allow for quick and concerted action during times of national crisis
- Have power recede when crisis is over
- Rejected a plural executive
The constitutional presidency
- 3 roles:
- Commanders in chief of armed forces
- Head of state
- Chief executive
- Limited legislative role
- Early presidency largely conforms to this model
- Modern (post 1932) presidency; president now chief legislator, manager of massive
bureaucracy, popular leaders, commander-in-chief
Persuasion
- Richard Neaustadt
- “The power of the president is the power to persuade”
- Importance of professional reputation
- Skill
- Toughness (deliver on commitments)
→ The johnson treatment
1) Problems with president as bargainer
- Rise of mass media coverage and public relations war
- Divided government
- Party polarization
- Result: breakdown in bargaining → rise of going public and unilateral action
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