SLAVIC 210 Midterm: Motifs

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Motif&-recurring&structures,&contrasts,&or&literary&devices&that&can&help&to&develop&
and&inform&the&text's&major&themes
Crime&and&Justice
Crimes&in&the&novel&are&also&sins,&or&crimes&against&God&
Human&beings&are&not&capable&of&passing&judgement&on&one&another
The&only&true&judge&is&the&CONSCIENCE&
Ex.&Debate&between&Ivan&and&the&monks&about&the&ecclesiastical& courts,&
Grand&Inquisitor,&Dmitri's&arrest,&imprisonment,&and&trial&
Redemption&through&suffering
Only&when&a&man&knows&himself&and&faces&himself&honestly&can&he&come&
to&love&others&and&love&God&
Ivan&is&unable&to&face&himself&honestly&
§
The&principal&way&to&arrive&at&self-knowledge&is&through&suffering
Suffering&occurs&through&grief&and&guilt&of&sin,&or&agony&of&illnesses&that&
are&metaphors&for&spiritual&conditions&(Ivan)&
Dmitri&suffers&through&the&misery&of&realizing&his&own&evil&before&he&can&
embrace&his&goodness
Lise&slams&her&finger&in&the&door&
Wants&to&punish&herself&for&being&wicked,&but&her&idea&of&suffering&
is&so&shallow,&vain,&and&ridiculous&that&it&is&not&really&a&serious&
attempt&at&redemption
§
The&profound&gesture
Zossima&kneels&before&Dmitri&in&Book&I&
Christ&kisses&the&Grand&Inquisitor&in&Book&V&
Alyosha&kisses&Ivan&in&Book&V&
Zossima&embraces&the&earth&before&he&dies&in&Book&VI&
Alyosha&kisses&the&ground&after&his&dream&in&Book&VII&
The&ambiguity&of&these&gestures&is&a&way&to&challenge&the&rational&
paradigm&that&Ivan&embraces&
Motifs
Wednesday,& October&18,&2017
5:20&PM
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