SOCIOL 110 Study Guide - Fall 2018, Comprehensive Midterm Notes - Positivism, Random Assignment, Max Weber

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SOCIOL 110
MIDTERM EXAM
STUDY GUIDE
Fall 2018
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Whih of the folloig haateizes Dukhei’s theo of suiide?
A macro-level positivist theory of deviance
A Micro-level Inductive and Interpretivist approach
Symbolic interactionism takes a micro view of society, examining the beliefs and
assumptions people bring to their everyday interactions to find the causes or
explanations of deviance
o How is deviance learned and performed?
Peer pressure
Labeling Theory
o People see ho the ae laeled ad aept the lael as eig tue
o People behave the way that they think someone with their label should behave
o Create the labeled reality through interactions
Stigma
o Negative social label that changes your behavior toward a person; also changes
that peso’s self-concept and social identity
o Has serious consequences in terms of the opportunities made available or
rather, not made available to people in a stigmatized group
Symbolic Interactionist Theories of Deviance
Broken Windows theory of deviance (Zimbardo)
o Explains how social context and social cues impact the way individuals act
o People ho ould’t ehiit a etai ehaio i oe soial otet ight do so
in another context where the behavior seems more permissible
Ees o the “teet Jae Jaos
o Informal social control of neighborhood and community
Micro-level approach
What is Social Stratification?
Social stratification refers to systematic inequalities between groups of people that arise
as intended or unintended consequences of social processes and relationships
o Inequality that has become institutionalized
o Tier system and people fall within different levels of society
View of Inequality
Hoes sa soiet is ueual, ut thought that’s hat gies us ou feedo fo
being killed)
Jean-Jacques Rousseau argued that private property creates social inequality and that
his inequality __
Ontological equality is the notion that everyone is created equal in the eyes of God
Ontological inequality says some are born superior and some are born inferior
Equality of opportunity
o Inequality is acceptable so long as everyone has the same opportunities for
advancement and is judged by the same standards
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o Almost all modern capitalist societies claim this is the most important
determination of success
Equality of outcome
o Everyone in a society should end up ith the sae eads egadless of
starting point, opportunities, or contributions
Equality of condition
o Idea that everyone should have an equal starting point from which to pursue his
or her goals
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