CHEM 2410- Midterm Exam Guide - Comprehensive Notes for the exam ( 93 pages long!)

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11 Oct 2017
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CHEM 2410
MIDTERM EXAM
STUDY GUIDE
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SET 1
Amines
Derivatives of ammonium, NH3, in which one or more hydrogen atoms are replaced with alkyl
or aromatic groups.
Amines
Contain N attached to one or more alkyl or aromatic groups.
Ethylamine
Dimethylamine
Ethyldimethylamine
Carboxylic Acid Compound Name
Oic Acid
Ester Compound Name
Oate
Amide Compound Name
Amide
Aldehyde Compound Name
Al
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Ketone Compound Name
One
Alcohol Compound Name
Ol
Amine Compound Name
...
Alkane Compound Name
Ane
Aniline
The amine of benzene
Used to make many dyes, which give color to wool, cotton, and silk fibers as well as blue jeans.
Primary (1)
Amine has one carbon group bonded to the nitrogen atom.
Secondary (2)
Amine has 2 carbon groups bonded to the nitrogen atom.
Tertiary (3)
Amine has three carbon groups bonded to the nitrogen atom.
Primary & Seconday Amines
Can form hydrogen bonds with Water molecules.
Tertiary Amines
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Document Summary

Which molecule is considered the backbone molecule for lots of molecules found in nature (starting material) Which carbons contain the double bonds for isoprene. Find the longest continous carbon chain which contains the double (alkene) or triple bond (alkyne) Number the chain so that the double or triple bond on the main chain has the smallest number possible. Only use one number to indicate where the bond starts. When more than one double or triple bond is present in the molecule, name it with the suffix diene, triene etc. Name alkyl groups as in the rules for alkanes. Cyclic compounds containing double bonds are called cyclo- (prefix for the number of carbons) ending in ene or yne. When naming molecules make sure to number each bond. Geometric isomers when there are two different groups or atoms on each of the carbon atoms attached by the double bond.

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