intro to human communications midterm review

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Media, Culture & Communication
Patrick Davison

1. Carey  society takes place “in” communication and “not” communication  transmission is real (transmission vs ritual model) o ritual just confirms and stabilizes the world we live in. communication is going on at all times o transmission thinks of ideas as objects and wants to move ideas from person to person  reality vs. mind 2. Williams  three def. of culture o way of life o artistic endeavor o development 3. Geertz  no single “common sense”  cultural systems, like common sense, are relative (diff from culture to culture)  culture shapes what we perceive 4. Peters  the history of communication as an idea (wars and technology)  miscommunication  the transmission view of technology (solipsism vs telepathy on theories of how we connect with other people) 5. Colapinto  nature vs nurture related to language (nurture is used as an euphemism- biology vs culture)  universal grammar through the idea of Chomsky  the thought shapes language question 6. Pinker  the idea that were are popular ideas that have no bearing in fact (fashionable ideas)  how ideas spread (single mistakes that are published can be spread and turn into common sense ideas)  mentalese, some way in which we have thoughts that are completely independent from language 7. Nietzshe  consistency makes truth (ex. The dreamer)  division between truth and our mind  our only access to truth is other people *metaphors 8. Moore  color words  the premise that thought and language are tied  unnecessary adjectives in political situations 9. Austin  sets up a definitional difference between statements and utterances  the central concept is perfermative utterances  infelicities 10. Benjamin  a non verbal definition of language  the idea that things express themselves IN language, not through  the differences between things and names (the words we use to link them) 11. Bogost  verbal rhetoric  visual rhetoric  procedural rhetoric 12. Lakoff and Johnson  metaphors shape thought  naturalized examples (part of speech that we take for granted; remember theirs and make up own)  metaphors form systems of sense 13. Sontag  we can read disease metaphors as expressions of personal identity (individual
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