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AFAMAST 1122 Study Guide - Fall 2018, Comprehensive Midterm Notes - Africa, Nigeria, West Africa


Department
African American & African Std
Course Code
AFAMAST 1122
Professor
All
Study Guide
Midterm

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AFAMAST 1122
MIDTERM EXAM
STUDY GUIDE
Fall 2018

Only pages 1-3 are available for preview. Some parts have been intentionally blurred.

Only pages 1-3 are available for preview. Some parts have been intentionally blurred.

Terms to know
- The Bantu Migration
- The Equatorial Tradition
- Acephalous Societies
- Polygyny
- Matrilineal Descent Systems
Frederick Cooper describes Gatekeeper State a person in power holds onto this far longer than
they should. Attempt to use the power they have over a state to enrich themselves.
WHY? The private sector doesn’t have enough money for a past person in governmental power
to stay wealthy.
African Geography
Geography is Destiny geography of the area shapes the future of the society.
Sahara desert limits trade from the north of the desert and the south
Tropical climate in central area plays a role in the diseases and living conditions in that vast
area
Africa’s Notable Geographic Features
Poor Soil very dry and lacking in nutrients
This causes subsistence agriculture which means they grow to live off the resources themselves,
and not to trade.
Exception Africa’s Great Lakes Region (Uganda, Kenya, Tanzania, Burundi)
Ancient Rocks/minerals Gold, copper, cobalt, oil, etc. Very impressive mineral deposits that
bring other people to the continent.
Disease Vectors large dispersion of disease such as malaria. This causes low population density.
However, those who stay in this area grow an immunity to these diseases, which protect them from
foreign conquest for a while.
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- The Bantu Migration (2000BC-500AD) Reason: sudden increase in agricultural
development which cause a great increase in population density. This creates a lot of
competition in which the native people in the area leave and migrate to newer areas. By
500 AD they have colonized the South African areas.
Key features of many sub-Saharan (Equatorial Tradition) have been able to be understood
because of the Bantu Migration.
- Equatorial Tradition features of this sub-Saharan area
Underpopulation Excess availability of land relative to human communities
Acephalous societies decentralized community structures
Patriarchal Structures (older men are generally in charge), but matrilineal inheritance (Big
Man)
Polygyny need to maximize reproduction and productivity (men have multiple wives)
Gendered division of labor women responsible for raising children, cooking cleaning etc. ,
but also agricultural works. Men are hunters/craftsman etc.
Generational tensions between men over access to women and land
Wealth in people, not in land (how many dependents do you have, that determines wealth)
Matrilineal inheritance Inheritance is passed dow fro the ucle o the other’s side to the so.
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