Motivation II: Deficiency needs
(Bold and italics are concepts that I predict Robert Smith will ask on the test)
A. Needs within the hierarchy
1) Physiological needs*** This part would be the focus of this chapter for sure
i) Sensory needs
- Procrastination: put aside things that will hinder the satisfaction of present sensory needs
- Psychological hedonism vs ethical hedonism
Problem with that??Are those claims really true?
No, what if it hurts later?
Solution: avoid pleasure that cause pain or dissatisfaction in a long run
- What’s the best? long lasting and mild pleasure should be the best e.g. friendship
ii) Homeostasis needs
Drive object substitute:
- Definition: chemical equilibrium partially satisfy needs
- Cycle of homeostatic needs
Fig 1: Cycle of homeostatic need satisfaction
2) Safety needs
- Physical (physical security) and psychological safety (i.e. freedom from
fears and chaos) What is the
- What responses does the threat to safety produce? Fight or flight!!
between drive object
and drive state?
3) Belongingness and love needs
i) Belongingness needs
- Deficiency based (involves diminishing returns)
- social pain causes physical pain
- implications to daily lives: increased awareness of other people, think ambiguous
situation threatening ii) love needs Base y