GEOG 2400 Study Guide - Fall 2018, Comprehensive Midterm Notes - World Population, Western United States, Water

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12 Oct 2018
Department
Course
Professor
GEOG 2400
MIDTERM EXAM
STUDY GUIDE
Fall 2018
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GEOG 2400Introduction to Environmental Geography
Professor Buckley
MWF 9:40-10:35
[Type here]
8/28/17
What is environmental geography?
The study of how humans interact with the environment study of people and the
environment
Highly interdisciplinary, inclusive, holistic
Integrates the social and physical sciences
o Trained in understanding climates, earth systems, etc. interested in people why
do different types consume and urbanize differently?
Patterns, processes, ecologies, legacies interested in patterns that produce certain
products and how the patterns are conducted; the effect on the environment
o Decisions made in past have major effect todaydecrease options/ close off and
open new doors= legacies decisions we make MATTER
Relational: explores how world works at different scales (e.g. local, regional, global and
how those scales are connected)
Goals for GEOG 2400
Provide an account of the nature and extent of changes humans have caused at various
scales
Gain an awareness of processes driving these changes
Review what is being doneor could be doneto address human impacts to the
environment
Recognize our contribution to the environmental problems
Recognize role we can play
“we are inclined to judge ourselves by our ideals; others by their acts”—Harold Nicolson
It’s OTHER people who are messing up, NOT me
We are all consumersex. Filling up gas tank, oil is coming from somewhere else impact of
retracting resource? Food.
Dependent today
Less than 2% farmersfood production is high, capability to produce individually is
declined vulnerable
With being consumers, we have established connections around the world
Ex. Rare Earth mineralslithium batteries
Everyday use Cars, phones, etc.
Produce rarely in United States
Most come from China
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GEOG 2400Introduction to Environmental Geography
Professor Buckley
MWF 9:40-10:35
[Type here]
8/30/17
Consumption and connections worldwide
Food productionshipping water to locations i.e. American West consumes energy
Can’t grow it, have to mine it ex. Copper
o Extracted from rock, today is less pure and required to mine more to extract a
little
Results in mining sites both surface and underground
Coal production
Commodity chains: show us components or ingredients for “everyday items” come from
all over the world
o Cast light on hidden geographies associated with production of many of our
consumer goods
o Labor and goods
o Commodity chain Nutella
Sugar= Brazil
Coco= Nigeria
Palm oil= Malaysia
Hazelnut= Turkey
Consequences for producing more palm oil??
Deforestation
Must cut down rainforest and drain wetlands to establish palm oil
plantations
Increasingly, we are encouraging on prime orangutan habitat.
Thousands killed annually
Losing an important carbon sink too
o Nutella or orangutans?
o We are faced with these decisions everyday with the
products we buyproducts consumed matter
o Unaware of impact we make on other continents on these
goods
o Commodity chain for gadgets found worldwide
Tradeoffs
o There is a price to pay for our consumption. This is where a scale and
environmental justice becomes important
Human health
Clean air
Clean water
Biological diversity
Stable climate
What about jobs?
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