Russian 3460 Notes
Senmiotics – Signs
Signs -> Signifier or Signified
Signifier – Rose
Signified – What it refers to
Ex: Signifier (Rose), Signified (What ir refers to)
Index: Indicates points (Ex: thermometer)
Symbol: Arbritrary stand in (ex: dollar bill)
Paradigmatic Connotation: Comparing it other stuff around the world
Syntagmatic Connotation: Comparing it before/after
Why is 1924-1930 a Golden Age?
Why did the Golden Age come to an end?
Stalin and 5 yr Plan, entreprenuial spirit died down.
Also sound, also some women actor around this time
Lev Kuleshov (Kuleshov Effect) by Hitchcock and others
Vsevolad Pudokin (Contribute to Montage: Effects don’t actually happen) Women doesn’t get
Events in 1917
February: February Revolution on International Women’s Day, Soldiers joined the strike, Nicolas
II abdicates, Provisional Government
April: Lenin comes back, War Continues July: Lenin gets arrested, Kornilov Mutiny (Attempt to overthrow the government), sympathy
October: Bolsheviks, Provisional Government, Soldiers storm palace
Bolsheviks forced a calendar change
1917 (Massive revolutions)
Diegesis is a style of fiction storytelling which presents an interior view of a world and is:
1. that world itself experienced by the characters in situations and events of the narrative
2. telling, recounting, as opposed to showing, enacting.
In diegesis the narrator tells the story. The narrator presents the actions (and sometimes thoughts) of the
characters to the readers or audience.
Dziga Vertov (1896 ~ 1950)
Life caught unawares
Life caught off-guard
Response to the last film’s reception
Bed and Sofa
Everyday life in Soviet Russia
Early Soviet Civil Liberties for Women
Abortion allowed in 1920
Banned in 1936
Homosexuality is legal until 1933
Homosociality – preferring same-sex relationships, but these are non-sexual
Rival leg and romance leg
The woman is pivotal, men express desire through the women
The rival leg can be the strongest
It exists to make one feel things, to make the stone stoney.
1/31/2014 Notes Formalism: Focus on the film’s form, technical elements, not focused on the empirical
appearance of reality. Lighting, Scoring, Sound and Set Design
Realism: Depicting subject matter authentically and truthfully, depicting how it appears in real
Classicism: Most of Hollywood’s films. Stylize some things, complete appealing story. Not Pure
Realism or Formalism
Bed and Sofa: Realism or Classicalism (Wedge of Light going into the film, Vladimir better
husband, formal techniques, relative fluid story.
The Man with a Movie Camera: Formalism or Clasicalism (Even though its documenting real
life, lot of formal elements, the way the film was shot, formal techniques)
October: Formalism and Classicism (
The Battleship Potemkin: Formalism and Classicism (Eisenstein Film, Montage, Statues of the
Lions, Intellectual Montage)
Mother: Formalism and Classicalism.
All of these films are in between F and the C. They all have some narrative, nothing is pure pure
Signs – Is film like language
Semiotics: study of the structure or system of signs
Signifier and signified: two types of signs: signifier: the word that is printed (example: rose)
signified: object that is referring to
Film u bypass the signifier and jump into the signified
Symbol, index, icon (icons are references to what’s in real life, index are referring to something
else (thermometer referring to temperature, symbols are rando