[CDIS 3123] - Midterm Exam Guide - Everything you need to know! (22 pages long)

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CDIS 3123
MIDTERM EXAM
STUDY GUIDE
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Audiology Diagnosis
What is an Audiologist?
Audiologist Healthcare professional who diagnoses and treats patients with hearing loss (and balance
disorders).
Hearing doctor
Au.D. = Doctor of Audiology
CCC-A = Certificate of Clinical Competence in Audiology
What does an audiologist do?
Identification/screening (school nurses do this, not audiologist)
Assessment and diagnosis
Treatment (audiologists used to not be able to prescribe treatments)
Education
Prevention
Research
Where do audiologists practice?
Private practice
Physician’s practices
Hospitals and medical centers
Hearing and speech clinics
Schools
Universities
Hearing Instrument Manufacturers
Industry
Relation to other professions
Speech-language pathologists
Otorhinolaryngologists (ear, nose, throat, physician)/ Otologists (further specialization in ear surgery)
Pediatricians
Primary Care
Neurologists (auditory nerve)
Neurosurgeons
Oncologists (chemotherapy can cause hearing loss or change)
Infectious Disease
Medical Genetics
Gerontologists
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Hearing instrument specialists (very limited, only hearing aids for adults)
Educators
Counselors
The History of audiology
C. C. Bunch in the 1920s and 1930s he used the newly developed Western Electric 1-A audiometer to
assess the hearing of patients with otologic problems.
o He developed the pure-tone audiogram and was the first to describe audiometric patterns of
many different types of auditory disorders.
Raymond Carhart (SLP before he became audiologist)
o Was a student of C. C. Bush
o Worked at Deshon General Hospital in Butler, Pennsylvania.
o Was a young captain in the Army Medical Corps
o Developed a protocol for the fitting and evaluation of hearing aids that became a model for
clinical practice for many years
Soldiers returning from World War II
o The army established three aural rehabilitation centers to provide medical and rehabilitative
services to returning soldiers who had developed hearing impairment during the war.
o Three centers:
Borden General Hospital in Chickasha, Oklahoma
Hoff General Hospital in Santa Barbara, California
Deshon General Hospital in Butler, Pennsylvania (MOST notable)
Academic discipline to clinical profession
o In the 1950s, fewer than 500 individuals considered themselves audiologists
o In 1958, the first textbook on audiology was written by Hayes Newby of Stanford University
o James Jerger
In the 1960s he ushered in new concepts in speech audiometry and other diagnostic
techniques
In the 1970s he brought clinical relevance to impedance audiometry
In the 1980s he stared the American Academy of Audiology
In the 1990s he established the first Au.D. Program
o Speech audiometry pertains to measurement of the hearing of speech signals
o Impedance audiometry is now referred to as immittance audiometry
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