GEOL 1014 Study Guide - Final Guide: Longshore Drift, Mudpot, Refraction

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13 Mar 2017
Final Review 2015
*Study the PowerPoints and quizzes*
Lab 7: Coastal Hazards and Processes
What are water particle paths?
o What happens to particle paths as depth increases/decreases and what occurs?
The relationship between wavelength, wave height, and wave period.
The relationship between longshore current and longshore drift.
o How do you determine longshore current direction?
What is the effect of a rip current on the shoreline? Is it dangerous?
What are tides? What are the two tide phases? What causes the cycle of tides?
o Know what is happening to the water when the tide cycles between the two phases.
How to accurately describe wave refraction. Where, in the model, would you get high energy
and low energy (watch video in PowerPoint)?
Name/describe the different high energy and low energy coastal landforms.
o Erosional landforms are ___ energy, depositional landforms are ___ energy.
What are the three types of coral reefs? How are they different?
What is a groin? What are jetties? What’s the difference? How are they similar?
What is a Tsunami? A Hurricane?
Lab 8: Karst, Hydrothermal Processes, and Arid Landforms
What type of rocks does karst generally form in? What are the names of two rocks in that
o How does karst form (remember the hand sample experiment we showed in lab)?
o The 4 variables that affect karst formation and how they affect it.
What is a disappearing stream? Why does it disappear? Where does it go?
o What feature, below the surface could form from a disappearing stream?
Know the difference between karst landforms, cave geomorphology, hydrothermal features,
and arid landscapes.
o What formations are a part of each?
o Which has more rain, a karst landform or an arid landform?
How does a sinkhole form (at least 3 ways)?
What’s the differee etwee stalactites and stalagmites?
o What forms if these connect?
How are hot springs, geyser, fumaroles, boiling mud pots, and travertines different?
Under which states have the highest geothermal resources?
o What are the pros and cons of geothermal energy?
What are the different types of dunes (at least 4)?
o Two are crescent shaped, what is the difference between them?
o Two are elongated, what is the difference between them?
o What is a star dune?
What are the 3 desert types?
What is desertification?
o List 2 causes for the problem and a solution to fix the problem.
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