Identity- How one views themselves.
Othering- Looking at someone else as different than you due to different cultural background
Essentialism- Every person serves their purpose
Social Constructionism- examines the development of jointly constructed understandings of the world that form the basis for shared assumptions about reality.
Power- The ability to make change in society Inequality- Unequal distribution of wealth and power
Exploitation- Treating someone unfairly in order to benefit from their work
Resources- Things that a person can use in society in order to influence others
Economical Capital- The amount of money that a person or company holds
Social Capital- The relationships that people hold that allow them to get ahead
Cultural Capital- The social asserts one has such as education and type of dress
Dog Whistle Politics- Policies that are designed to look like they are good but are actually targeting certain groups of people
White privilege- The advantages that a person gets for being white. Less likely to be arrested and more likely for college.
Patriarchy- Oldest man is the head of the family or government
Hegemonic masculinity- Practices that justify putting men in dominance and the subordination of women
Side bets- Moves one makes to enjoy a benefit are the main bet. Side bet is another perk that one may enjoy although its not the main.
Identity stakes- All the perks that one receives from their side bets due to their class
Social inertia- resistance to change or the endurance of stable relationships
Achievement ideology- One achieves success through hard work and education
Meritocracy myth- A persons place in society is the place that they deserve
The TINA problem- There is no alternative. The current system is the only one that works.
Bread and Circuses- People don’t take action as long as the government keeps them fed and entertained
Myth- Widely held but false belief
American Exceptionalism- History of US is unique. American culture is unique. American citizens and government are best and unique.
The Uncanny- Something that is close to normal but not quite. Often makes one feel strange.
Repression/Return of the repressed- Like in the movie Freaks! Push someone down and abuse them and they revolt
The Abject- Human reaction to a threatened breakdown in meaning caused by loss of distinction from subject and object or self and other. Ex. Seeing a corpse
Sociophobics- Those who fear social interactions
Puritans (their beliefs)- Against human oversexuality. Patriarchy and if women had too much power they were probably witches
The Enlightenment- People started turning to science in 17 century to answer life questions.
Supernatural (belief in )- Belief in ghosts and such?
Cult of True Womanhood (Victorian ideology)- True women were supposed to be beautiful, clean house, cook well, etc.
Gothic Romanticism- Authors romanticized the idea of vampires and such
Mathhew Brady- Captured pictures of the American Civil War. Posed dead bodies to make them look more grotesque.
Rebel Ladies Boudoir- Union propaganda depicting southern women with tables made of bones of union soldiers.
Scientific racism- False science comparing skulls of whites and blacks. Tested volume by packing things but white skulls were packed tighter
Eugenics- Not allowing “Inferior” genes to be spread. Stopping people who have these genes from breeding.
Anglo-Saxonism- White English people superior to everyone else
H.P. Lovecraft- Maker of the movie Re-Animator
Tetratology- symptoms that often appear together
Freak Shows- Shows with people with deformities.
Exotic Mode of Presentation- Making things appear exotic. Example was the young man who was put in a cage with monkeys and told to be the “missing link” Oda
Aggrandized Mode- Making a person seem grand. For example the Giant Duke of Wellington
Pity Mode- Freaks who seem to be how they are due to unfortunate accidents.
Containment- Keep communism in the USSR
Deterrence- Making someone fear the consequences of crossing them. Cuba with the nuclear missiles was punished greatly
Paranoid culture- 50s culture where people were paranoid that others were communists. McCarthyism
Consensus Culture- Basic framework of culture and beliefs that are shared by a large group of people
Nuclear Family- Family was made to be just parents and a couple kids. No longer did people have grandparents living with them.
Sexual Revolution- Birth control was made and eugenics was starting to be discussed. People were realizing that people were having sex before marriage.
Satanic Panic- 1980s church thought it was under attack. Families under attack as well.
Urban Legends- Story that is spread as true but is not. Normally passed down orally and locally.
Babysitter in danger- Woman kills Michael Meyers. Young girls were often the ones in danger.
Hook man- Story of two kids that are fooling around. Hook man has hook in door as woman urges man to drive away. Man finds bloody hook when he gets home.
Backlash – Councilors kid is killed and a year later the camp counselor kills kids
Apocalyptic narrative- People were obsessed with the end of the world like Y2K and zombies. Comes from Revelations in the Bible
Savages = Early settlement of America and the West
Satanic Cults= 1980s religious monster. Church feared it was under attack
Cannibals= Slaves on ships thought whites were going to eat them
Zombies (of various eras)= Zombies represent lower class. 1932 white zombie was about zombie slaves and vudoo. 1968 was about class
Sea serpents = When the U.S. was embargoed and the people thought it was monstrous
Witches = Sexualized monsters that had sex with Satan in the colonial era. Embodies the anxieties th