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ANTH 345 Study Guide - Comprehensive Final Exam Guide - Racism, White People, Genetics


Department
Anthropology
Course Code
ANTH 345
Professor
Lisa Price
Study Guide
Final

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ANTH 345

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08.20 .2018
introduction :The race concert
race : infers aGroup of hereditary feature that is not present in other groups .
Race is acomplex of elements whose significance and meanings lie in the historical
context .
Race as aunit of analysis in different domains :
1. Biological
A) how does difference work ?
2. Historical :how was it created ?
3. Cultural Ccontemporary American culture )
race as an ideology
ideology :sets of beliefs and assumptions held On faith alone .
1. Method of classifying humans According to discrete biological changes .
2. Races then ranked .
3. Outward physical appearance adirect manifestation of inner life .
4. Inherited
5.Fixed
Stereotypes are immutable .
Race becomes :"status and inequality of rank in aSociety
"
asource of either privilege or oppression .
ethnicity :sense of togetherness shared by members of agroup linked through cultural
tradition ,ancestry ,national origin ,history
or religion .
ethnocentrism :cultural or ethnic bias in Which an individual views The World from
the perspective of his or her own group ,establishing the in -group as archetypal and
rating all other groups with reference to this ideal .
racialism :belief that races do exist .
intersectional 'ty : i. no hierarchy of oppressions
2. Oppressions are interconnected
3. Oppressions are not additive but mutually constituted .
4. Oppressions are held together by power ,continue to operate
because
of guilt or shame .
5. To eradicate oppressions we must challenge the systems that
maintain them .
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08.21 .2018
human evolution
Hominid evolution .
human biological variations .
Evolutionary forces .
taxonomy :science of classification
Carl Linnaeus -System aNatura
Binomial Nomenclature
Genus Especies :Homo sapiens
Humans are animals ,chordates ,vertebrates
,mammals ,etc .bipedal Chominids ).
MYA
=MA= millions of years ago
KYRI thousands of years ago present Chimpanzee
Bomnbfwman
Orangutan Gorilla
hominid includes modern humans and extinct Great Apes .
|
s-6mA
hominine include our immediate ancestors .
Time
Daleo anthropology
mostly based on fossil record ;physical features and their change Over time .
common ancestor /Hominini Lucy :Australopithecus atarensis
ancestor of humans
and great apes Gonllini Great Apes
Early hominids =robust :heavy frames
grave :smaller ,more delicate features (our evolutionary lineage )
Lucy
Bipedalism is one of our most important features .3.5 Mya
Robust believed to have gone extinct .Heavy yaws and big teeth .( large molars )
very prominent brow ridges .
A.Atarensis
"Lucy ''-3.8
Mya
Graciles believed to be our ancestors
A.African Us
"
Taung Child
"2.8 -2.4 Mya
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