ART H 100 Study Guide - Final Guide: Aerial Perspective, Vernation, Krater

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9 Aug 2016
Terms to know for Exams and Papers
Findspot: the location in which an item was found.
Twisted perspective: A convention or representation in which part of a figure is shown in profile and
another part of the same figure is shown frontally.
Hierarchy of Scale: An artistic convention in which greater size indicates greater importance.
Relief sculpture – bas-relief/low relief vs. high relief
Registers: it is a vertical level in a work that consists of several levels, especially where the levels are
clearly separated by lines.
Schematic: It is a representation of the elements of a system using abstract, graphic symbols rather than
realistic pictures.
Naturalism: Aims at accuracy and objectivity and cultivates realistic and even sordid portrayals of people
and their environment.
Apotropaic: “to ward off” “away” “to turn” supposedly having the power to avert evil influences or bad
Pyramid: is a structure whose outer surfaces are triangular and converge to a single point at the top.
Mortuary: of or relating to burial or tombs
Ka: a spiritual entity
Funerary: is any work of art forming or placed in, a repository for the remains of the dead
Idealism: to represent thing as aesthetic sensibility would have them rather than they as they are.
Implies a view of life.
Bilateral symmetry: when the elements are arranged equally on either side of a central axis.
Canon of proportions: Egyptians used a grid that measured 18 units to the hairline or 19 units to the top
of the head,
Pharaoh: a ruler in ancient Egypt
Sarcophagus: a stone coffin, especially one with a carving or inscription on it.
Death Mask: A plaster cast taken of a dead person’s face, used to make or model.
Krater: “To mix” is a large vase which was used to mix wine and water in Ancient Greece.
Fresco – fresco secco (dry) and fresco buon (wet): Painting on lime plaster, either dry or wet. In the
latter method, the pigments are mixed with water and become chemically bound to the freshly laid lime
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