Ch. 26 Taxonomy and Systematics (Exam 4).docx

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Department
Biology
Course
BIOL 110
Professor
D R.J O H N P E L E S
Semester
Fall

Description
Biology 110 Dr. Peles Date: / / . Taxonomy and Systematics: Chapter 26 I. Systematics A. Systematics- Branch of boiolgy that studies the diversity of life and reconstructs phylogenies B. Phylogeny- Grouping of species based on Order FamilyGenus Species relatedness Panthera Felidae pardus Phylogenetic Tree Panthera (leopard) Taxidea taxus Taxidea (American Carnivora badger) Lutra lutra Mustelidae Lutra (European otter) Canis latrans (coyote) Canidae Canis Canis lupus C. Taxonomy- Branch of biology that is (gray wolf) concerned with naming and classifying organisms II. Naming Organisms A. Binomial Naming System 1. Unique two-part name that included a genus and species name i. Examples: a. Dog: Canis familiaris b. Gray squirrel: Sciurus carolinensis Species: c. Red oak: Quercus rubra Panthera pardus 2. Related organisms are reflected by the same genus Genus: name Panther i. Examples:
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