BIOL 110 Study Guide - Final Guide: Water Vapor, Surface Tension, Heat Capacity

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Life: reproduce, grow, metabolism, homeostasis, respond to stimuli. Evolution: change in genetic structure of a population over time. Natural selection: one by means in which evolution can occur. Electronegative: oxygen pulls electrons close to it when forming covalent bonds with hydrogen. Surface tension: resistance to disruption at the surface (water has high) Water has high specific heat (stores heat efficiently) Water has high heat of vaporization so resistant to phase change (takes a lot of energy to break h-bonds for steam) Water is universal solvent (anything with charge can dissolve) Proteins: monomer is amino acid, chain of amino acids is polypeptides. Nucleic acids: dna, a g c t, rna, a g c u, synthesis of proteins, monomers are nucleic acids, sugar, phosphate, nitrogenous base, ringed structures, n, c, h. Anabolic = condensation (dehydration) synthesis = loses h2 and oh (make water) Catabolic = hydrolysis = needs a water to break. Radiometric dating (radiocarbon dating (carbon-14 nitrogen-14))