CRIM 012H Study Guide - Quiz Guide: Larceny, Cultural Capital, Social Capital

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6 Dec 2016
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Quiz 9 12/6/2016 7:26:00 PM
Edwin Sutherland
Social change and changes in criminal opportunity: WWII and
property crime
“Person-situation complex”
It was opportunities for differential association, and how these were
woven into the social organization of groups that were more
important
But: he recognized the role of selection in channeling individuals
toward or away from associations/opportunities
Edwin Lemert
Internal and external limits to behavior; these mutually influence
each other
Agency and constraint: Choice is a “compromise between what is
sought and what can be sought”
The role of selection in world of crime: current and prior social roles
shape one’s selection into partnerships, cliques, networks, groups,
etc.
John Lofland (1969)
Proximal and distal causes of crime/deviance
o Opportunities in your everyday life, and you place in social
structure
Objective and Subjective Availability
Cloward/Ohlin
“illegitimate means” unequally distributed, as well as “legitimate
means”
Crucial for explaining the distribution and types of crime across
social structure
Social Structure and Conventional and Deviant Opportunity: Richard Cloward
and Lloyd Ohlin (1959)
Combines strain/anomie theory with differential association/social
learning theory
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