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Final

FinalFA13-Phil_010_Critical_Thinking_mdc5237.docx

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Department
Philosophy
Course
PHIL 010S
Professor
N/ A
Semester
Fall

Description
Phil010CriticalThinkingNameFinalExamFall2013Part1TrueFalseMultipleChoice51TrueorfalseInaninductivegeneralizationalargersamplesizenecessarilyleadstoamorerepresentativesample2TrueorfalseAcogentargumentcaninrarecaseshaveinconsistentpremises3isaclaimthatappearstobepreciseduetotheuseofnumbersbutwhichcannotbepreciseduetotheimpossibilityofobtainingknowledgewiththislevelofexactnessOftenoccurswhereanoperationaldefinitionisfaultyFillintheblankaStatisticalsyllogismbPostHocfallacycPseudoprecisiondNonSequiteur4Possiblereasonsforapositivecorrelationbetweenxandyincludeallofthefollowingexceptaxcausedybycausedxcxandyarethenecessaryandsufficientconditionsforsomeotherfactorzdsomeotherfactorzcausedbothxandy5YoushouldsaywhatyoumeansaidtheMarchHarereprovingAlicesharplyIdoAlicehastilyrepliedatleastatleastImeanwhatIsaythatsthesamethingyouknowNotthesamethingabitsaidtheHatterWhyyoumightjustaswellsaythatIseewhatIeatisthesamethingasIeatwhatIseeYoumightjustaswellsayaddedtheMarchHarethatIlikewhatIgetisthesamethingasIgetwhatIlikeYoumightjustaswellsayaddedtheDormousewhichseemedtobetalkinginitssleepthatIbreathewhenIsleepisthesamethingasIsleepwhenIbreatheItisthesamethingwithyousaidtheHatterandheretheconversationdroppedLewisCarrollAlicesAdventuresinWonderlandIntheabovepassageAlicesargumentiseffectivelyrefutedbythefollowingtechniqueaDirectrefutationbCounterexamplecRefutationbylogicalanalogydReductioadAbsurdumeNoneoftheAbovePart2ShortAnswers80Part21InductiveCausalReasoningBasedonthecriteriaofinferencetothebestexplanationIBEplease1Commentontheconclusiongiventoexplainthephenomenonand2giveatleast1otherexplanationeitherbetteriftheconclusionisweakorworseDrawingonthecriteriaofIBEexplainyouranswerevaluatingboththeconclusiongivenandthealternativeoneyouhaveofferedNoteChooseAnyTwoBonuspointsforevaluatingmorethantwo1Andrewisapoliticalsciencestudentwitha39GPAwhoishighlyactiveinseveralpoliticalcausesandhasworkedasaninternandavolunteerforRepublicanandLibertariancandidatesAndrewalsohasanactivesociallifeinhismostlyliberalcollegetownandhesnotoriousforconstantlygettingintoheatedandsometimesaggressiveargumentsoverpoliticswithhisfriendsandacquaintancesWhenaccusedofstartingthesebitterpoliticaldisputesforfunatpartiesheexplainsItsnevermyfaultOtherpeoplealwaysstartargumentswithmenottheotherwayaroundTheconclusioniskindofweakbutistryingtoillustratethatbecauseAndrewisliberalhegetsintoheatedargumentsaboutpoliticsBeingapoliticalsciencemajorfromaliberaltownAndrewuseshispoliticalopiniontogetintoheatedargumentswithhisconservativefriendsTheconclusiongivenwasweakanddidntreallymeetthecriteriaofIBEwhichiswhymysuggestedconclusionmadeitappearmoreacceptabletothewholepremiseoftheargument2TheideaofthefuturepregnantwithaninfinityofpossibilitiesismorefruitfulthanthefutureitselfandthisiswhywefindmorecharminhopethaninpossessionindreamsthaninrealityHenriBergsonTimeandFreeWillConclusionisacceptablebecausethesecondpremiseisusedasthecauseoftheargumentmakingtheconclusionalogicaleffectofitThisiswhywethinkthefutureholdsmorebenefitsthanthecruelpresentrealityThegivenconclusionisacceptableandrelatestoIBEcriteriabecauseitspremisesprovideastrongdepictionoftheeffectsoftheconclusionwhilemyconclusionisweakerbecauseitdoesntfloworstronglyrelatetothestructureoftheargumentillustratedinthepremises
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