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Lynn Nagle

Final Exam/Exam 3 Ch. 7 - Learning Objective 3 Intelligence Pgs. 174-180 & Pg. 362 (or handout) Factor Theories of Intelligence: 1. Spearman’s G-Factor: “General Intelligence” a. S-Factor represents specific intelligence 2. Thurstone’s: a. Primary mental abilities – the kind on modern IQ test 3. Sternberg: Triarchic Theory a. Analytical: Academic Ability b. Creative: Coping with solutions c. Practical: Street smarts 4. Howard Gardiner a. Number of different intelligences - Math, linguistic, spatial, musical, interpersonal, intrapersonal, bodily kinesthetic b. Interpersonal – Interact with others c. Intrapersonal – Knowing yourself 5. Dr. Daniel Goleman a. Emotional intelligence (EQ) b. Allows for coping with stress, depression, and aggressive behavior c. Self-insight and control d. Inter and intrapersonal skills Creativity and Intelligence: IQ tests do not measure creative, practical or street smarts Convergent and Divergent Thinking: - Convergent: Come onto one answer - Divergent: Think of many different answers Measurement of Intelligence: A. Stanford-Binet (SBIS): First IQ test – made for children with learning problems o Calculated by MA/CA x100 B. Wechsler Scales: Most widely used intelligence test – verbal and performance Ch.10 - Psychodynamic Perspective (can skip pg. 248); Trait Perspective (Big 5); Learning Perspectives (Know the gist of these); Humanistic Perspective (Maslow & Rogers' theories); Sociocultural Perspective (Pg. 259); Measurement of Personality (All). Psychodynamic Perspective: - Superego: (Angel): What is morally right - Ego: Reality – What is practical - Id: (Devil) Unconscious motives Trait Perspective: The Big 5 Factor Model: OCEAN 1. Open to new experiences 2. Conscientiousness (responsible) 3. Extraversion (withdrawn) 4. Agreeable (friendly) 5. Neuroticism (nervous) Learning Perspectives: 1. Behaviorism: John B. Watson – focuses on observable behavior a. B.F. Skinner: Emphasized the effects of reinforcements on behavior i. Criticism: Ignore role of choice and consciousness 2. Social Cognitive: Bandura: focuses on learning by observation and cognitive processes – choosing to do something Humanistic Perspectives: 1. Maslow: a. TO BECOME ALL YOU CAN BE b. Father of psychology c. Free of choice, self-fulfillment and ethical behavior d. Basic needs must be met first (food, shelter, water) 2. Rogers: Who and what we are- a. Self Theory b. Self concept: How do others see me?? c. Frames of reference: The way in which we look at ourselves and world 1. Unconditional Positive Regard: Parents love and show love no matter what 2. Conditional Positive regard: Accepts child only when they behave in desired manner a. Conditions of Worth: develops in response to conditional positive regard Sociocultural Perspective: A. Individualists: Define self in terms of personal identities – gives priorities to personal goals B. Collectivists: Define themselves in terms of groups that they belong too – gives priorities to group goals Measurement of Personality:
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