PSYCH 100 Study Guide - Final Guide: Narcissistic Personality Disorder, Dream Interpretation, Biopsychosocial Model

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11 Feb 2014

Document Summary

The goals of psychology are: description, prediction, explanation, and application/control: understand the distinction between nativism/empiricism (nature/nurture) - i do not expect you to know all of the years that events happened. Nativism is the idea that thoughts, ideas and characteristics are inborn while empiricism is the idea that thoughts, ideas and characteristics are influenced by one"s environment. The scientific method is a system of gathering data so that bias and error in measurement is reduced. Illusory correlation: finding a correlation that isn"t actually real (penis & shoe size); brought on by stereotypes, superstitions and prejudice. Scatterplot: a graph comprised of points generated by values of two variables. What is random assignment and why is it important: experimental research: deliberate manipulation of a variable to see if corresponding changes in behavior result, allowing the determination of cause-and-effect relationships. Understand the measures of variation (range, standard deviation).