SOC 001 Study Guide - Quiz Guide: Arapesh Languages

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15 Aug 2016
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CHAPTER 14
Median earnings for Bachelor’s degree
oWhite Men: 60,458
oWhite Women: 38,000
oBlack men: 50,000
oBlack women: 40,000
oOverall effect of a white female
Who is denied a mortgage?
oBlacks most
oHispanics second
Some people’s dollars cost more and buy less
Prejudice: unjustified pre judgment sustained by stereotypes
Discrimination: Behavior
Individual discrimination: when one individual is discriminating against another party
Institutional discrimination: a social institution discriminating against another party
(denial of opportunities made by normal functioning of society)
Discrimination versus –ism
oRace-based discrimination versus racism
Race-based: whites against blacks and black against whites
Racism: whites against blacks (majority v. minority)
oGender-based discrimination v. sexism
Gender-based: guys v. girls or girls v. guys
Sexism: guys v. girls (majority v. minority)
oMake this distinction so we know who is the target/source
oWhen rights and privileges are extended to minorities: the cost to
dominant groups is exaggerated. They feel discriminated
Stereotype: generalized images made about an entire group
Social constructs: created by society; nothing biologically or psychologically different
oRace: blacks can be same as whites
oGender: males are supposed to be strong; females are suppose to be
polite
Sex: physical and biological; Gender: social and cultural
Know the Three populations of people
oTchambuli: dominant women married to less responsible and emotionally
dependent males
oArapesh: maternal in parental aspects, feminine in sexual aspects; taught
to be unaggressive, cooperative, and responsive to needs of others; sex is
not a driving force
oMundugumor: Developed as ruthless, aggressive, and positively sexed
individuals; maternal cherishing aspects are at a minimum
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Document Summary

Median earnings for bachelor"s degree: white men: 60,458, white women: 38,000, black men: 50,000, black women: 40,000, overall effect of a white female. Who is denied a mortgage: blacks most, hispanics second. Some people"s dollars cost more and buy less. Prejudice: unjustified pre judgment sustained by stereotypes. Individual discrimination: when one individual is discriminating against another party. Institutional discrimination: a social institution discriminating against another party (denial of opportunities made by normal functioning of society) Discrimination versus ism: race-based discrimination versus racism. Race-based: whites against blacks and black against whites. Racism: whites against blacks (majority v. minority: gender-based discrimination v. sexism. Gender-based: guys v. girls or girls v. guys. Sexism: guys v. girls (majority v. minority: make this distinction so we know who is the target/source, when rights and privileges are extended to minorities: the cost to dominant groups is exaggerated. Stereotype: generalized images made about an entire group.

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