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Sociology 110 (Exam 2).docx

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Department
Sociology
Course
SOC 110
Professor
Stacy Silver
Semester
Spring

Description
Sociology 110 01/31/2013 UNIT 3 Sex, Gender, Masculinity, and Femininity: What do these mean in US culture? Sex is a label We receive based on appearance of our external genitals at birth Biological Originally, blue was for girls and pink was for boys because pink was a stronger and decided color and blue  was delicate and dainty (early 1900s) 1) US census, 2) Birth announcements, 3) Treatment of intersex children… The 2 sex/gender system Sex                  Gender Label We get our gender label from our sex label Gender: A culture’s definitions of the appropriate behaviors, attitudes, and beliefs for females and males. Influences us (two levels) Individual level­ sense of self­ gender identity Interactional level­ others see us. If they approve. Affects us with other people Gender is at both levels… How we present ourselves ­Gender is like a cultural instruction kid ­Gender helps us make assumptions about people Baby Description Experiment: A baby was given to a group of people. They had to describe the baby and based the description off of the  color of the blanket the baby was in. The same baby was put in a blue blanket, then a pink one and their  descriptions were completely opposite. Sociology 110 01/31/2013 Gender Symbols Symbols: Something with a shared meaning that is understood by all members of a society. Is it okay to keep a child’s sex private?  NO                                                     YES                              ­Hard to relate to others                      ­Gender doesn’t matter 1) US Census, 2) Birth announcements, 3) Treatment of intersex children, 4) A “2­gender” model­male/female The 2 sex/gender system Gender’s complex mix: Gender identity Sexual orientation Gender role Physical gender Physical gender and sex are the same thing. Masculinity                    Femininity                   Continuum                  Combinations                  Circumstances Sociology 110 01/31/2013 Point #6­ “Gender is often a master status”  Sociology 110 01/31/2013 (So are race, age, severe physical difference, some occupations) Master Status: A status that leads you to make assumptions about another person. Often dominates their other  characteristics. It shapes interactions with that person                                Master Status                              Auxiliary Status                   (Assumptions about the person)                                                      Auxiliary Status      “Characteristics we ASSUME someone has based on their master status” Masculinity:  Expectations, privileges, and challenges Traditional Expectations/Auxiliary Statuses Emotionless, tough, strong, independent, dominant, confident, aggressive, rough Successful, smart handy, hard­working, mechanical, breadwinner Sociology 110 01/31/2013 Protective, chivalry Wild, loud, messy Tall, athletic, muscular Sexy, sexual, horny “The quest for manhood­the effort to achieve, to demonstrate, to prove our masculinity­has been one of the  formative and persistent experiences in men’s lives.”                                                      Michael Kimmel, author                                          Manhood in America: A Cultural History Men 
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