NUR 324 Study Guide - Fall 2019, Comprehensive Final Exam Notes - Patient Education, Etiology, Edema

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NUR 324
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CA RE OF A DULTS WITH COMPLEX HEALTH NEEDS I
Didactic Content
Epidemiology
Pathology
Etiology
Clinical manifestations
Laboratory and diagnostic tests
Medical management: medications; therapies
Current trends: guidelines; evidence-based practice
QSEN Competencies: Quality & Safety Education for Nurses
Patient-centered care
Teamwork and collaboration
Evidence-based practice
Quality Improvement
Safety
Informatics
Aspects of Patient Care
Basic Care and Comfort
Health Promotion and Maintenance
Pharmacological and Parenteral Therapies
Physiological Adaptation
Reduction of Risk Potential
Safety and Infection Control
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PE RIOPERATIVE NURSIN G
PART I: PREOPERATIVE NURSING MANAGEMENT
Glossary
Ambulatory surgery:
Bariatric: morbid obesity
o Minimum of 30-40 lbs. over average weight
o Affects the surgery (type of table, etc.)
Informed consent:
Intraoperative phase: period of time from when patient is transferred into operating room to admission to
postanesthesia care unit (PACU)
Minimally invasive surgery:
Perioperative phase: all 3 of the phases
Postoperative phase: period of time from when patient is admitted to PACU to follow-up evaluation in clinical setting or
at home
Preadmission testing:
Preoperative phase: period of time from decision for surgery until patient is transferred into operating room
Perioperative Phases of Care
Nurses have a range of activities during:
o Preoperative phase
o Intraoperative phase
o Postoperative phase
Often considered a critical care unit in most hospitals
o Examples of nursing activities throughout perioperative period Chart 17-1, pg. 420)
Standards of Care
Association of PeriOperative Registered Nurses (AORN) standards for phases of care
Perioperative Nursing Data Set (PNDS)
o Safety
o Physiologic responses
o Behavioral responses
o Health care systems
Practices Impact Surgery
Technology
o Robotics
More precision
Less invasive
o Sterile technique
Equipment built into the ceilings of OR
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