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Exam review 2.docx

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Department
Biological Sciences
Course
01:119:115
Professor
D'arville
Semester
Fall

Description
Exam review 2: Energy and Metabolism : • H=G+TS o Know all terms and what is happening  o What happens as a reaction occurs? ­> Loss or gain of free energy  • Oxidation and reduction RxNs  • Enzymes ­> terms and what they do  • Pathway that have an overall energy requirement are referred to as ­> anabolic  reactions  Aerobic Respiration: • Know where things happen and what the parts of the respiration are  • Know all the molecules and stages and how many ATP and NADPH in each • Glycolysis: o Energy investment and energy capture  o Energy investment ­> start with glucose use 2 ATP o Energy capture ­> start with G3P and get 4 ATP  o How ATP is being made ­> substrate level phosphorylation   • Citric acid cycle:  o Know the first products ­> oxaloacetate and acetyl­coenzyme A produce  citric acid  o Know how many ATP and NADPH are produced at each step • Electron Transport system: o Know there are 5 o Know the name of the last complex ­> cytochrome oxidase   Cyanide inhibits this and stops electron transport chain  o Know which one oxidizes NADH and which FADH o Know what the 4  complex does  o Complex 5 ­> ATP synthase o More protons pumped when NADH is oxidized then when FADH is  oxidized  • Other materials like proteins and lipids can also enter glycolysis at different points  • Anaerobic respiration and fermentation  Photosynthesis: • Know the pigments o Know the structure ­> Mg in the center (moves electrons to a higher  energy level) o Know the difference in abortion and action spectrum ­> lab • A redox process  o Converting light energy to chemical energy • Two phases of photosynthesis: where they occur o Light dependent  o Light independent • Structure of the chloroplasts • Know the photosystems  o Where they are located o Name 
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