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01:146:328 Study Guide - Comprehensive Final Guide: Sustainable Development Goals, Millennium Development Goals, Neglected Tropical Diseases

Cell Biology and Neuroscience
Course Code
Dr.Anne Keating
Study Guide

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Parasites and Human Health
1) World Health
a) Leading causes of Deaths in U.S: heart disease, cancer, stroke, respiratory
disease, bacterial pneumonia, accidents, and diabetes (in order)
i) Hardly any bacteria, viruses, or parasites are causing diseases
ii) This picture is different in other parts of the world
b) Deaths in Underdeveloped Countries
i) Heart disease, lower respiratory diseases, HIV/AIDS, diarrheal diseases,
malaria, tuberculosis (in order)
(1) Diarrheal diseases is the leading cause of death for children
(2) Diarrheal diseases caused by disease agents associated with
food and water
(a) They quickly cause dehydration (this loss of water causes
ii) Many more parasites and bacteria causing deaths in underdeveloped
c) United Nations has led to make decisive actions
i) Started the Millennium Development Goals (MDGs) began in 2000
(1) Called for sustainable development and the eradication of
poverty (8 such goals)
(2) Target date for completion of these 8 goals was the year 2015
(3) Goal 6 was combatting HIV/AIDS, malaria, and other diseases
(a) HIV/AIDS: antiretroviral medication
(b) Tuberculosis: antibiotic and vaccine development
(c) Malaria: drugs for treatment and bed nets for prevention
ii) Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs) are the new goals (there are
17 goals)
(1) Have previous goals but also put emphasis on environmental
conditions and improving water quality
d) The Other Diseases are known as the Neglected Tropical Diseases (NTD)
i) Comprise 17 diseases (categorized by what causes them)
(1) Helmiaths ( worm)
(a) Foodborne trematodiases [ infect 56 million people]
(i) Clonorchiasis
(ii) Fascioliasis
(iii) Opisthorchiasis
(iv) Paragonimiasis
(b) Schistosomiasis [infect 700 million people]
(c) Cysticercosis/Taeniasis
(d) Echinococcosis
(e) Soil-transmitted Helminths (STH) has 3 main categories
(i) Ascariasis [ 4.2 billion people at risk]
(ii) Hookworm infections[ 3.2 billion people at risk]
(iii) Trichiurasis [3.2 billion people at risk]
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