[01:202:203] - Midterm Exam Guide - Comprehensive Notes for the exam (15 pages long!)

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Rutgers
01:202:203
MIDTERM EXAM
STUDY GUIDE
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Thursday, January 19, 2017
In London today
The Clink Prison Museum
-open until 9 p.m, six pounds for entry
-prison museums are story telling institutions
-Poverty and incarceration go hand in hand
-A cheap whore can get you off, but not a cheap lawyer.
-Prisons for the poor were gross
-London is the most rat infested city in Europe
-Prisoners had to beg in order to survive, the cells had grates and people begged and
some walked by and gave them spare change
-people brought food clothing and fuel to the gratings
-Henry VII left 300 pounds for the poor people indebted
-Many suffered illnesses in the jail
-Scolds Bridle: for women who spread gossip or complained had this put on them,
tight iron mask like cage that were tight over the head with eyeholes and some had
large tongue plates studded with a sharp pin which could cause appalling injury
-shrew: women who spreads gossip
-used large sharp objects to round up thieves on horses
-The Pillory: for minor offenses, many died from starvation or being hit by stones and
having their ears nailed to the wood
-rotating pillory was installed upon Southwark St, can hold up to 4 criminals at a time.
they’d try to run away to avoid getting hit and would get dragged around town as
punishment
-Cat O’ Nine: ropes mixed with small pieces of metal used to harm people confined
below the docks by British Navy
-contemporary version is nylon rope tied with knots as big as a fist
!1
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Thursday, January 19, 2017
-Flogging triangle: convict would face the frame and then he’d be strapped by his
arms legs and torso, guy with whip would “go to town”
-the pillory was a way of stress and duress, a form of torture
-nerve damage caused by short shackling
-boiling to death either with water or oil
-The Collar: placed around individual’s neck, lead lined and contains a number of
spikes, rest around the skin causing a great deal of irritation and pain around the
neck, spikes would cut into the neck creating open woulds that would get infected by
lead leading to lead poisoning
-also used for sleep deprivation
-Ball and Chain: inmates would be able to leave the prison and beg for food and
money along Clink S, inmates would also be able to carryout business meet friends
and family, they were allowed to drag it
-Thumb Screws: used to crush individuals thumbs to stop their thefts and illegal
activities, once the device had been used, ppl found it difficult to use their thumbs,
this led to a long last disability
-The Boot: victims foot be placed in it, wood would then be packed in around the foot.
Then would be filled with oil or water resulting in the swelling of the wood and
crushing of the foot. The boot would then have a fire built underneath it bringing the
contents to boil resulting in the foot falling off, once the foot dropped off the wound
remaining on their leg would be quite big and open to infections or diseases lingering
in the prison area
-Chastity Belt: worn by females to stop sex, worn voluntarily sometimes to avoid
rape, men made their wives wear it
-The Rack: accompanied by interrogation, quite common to apprehend people they
suspected of overthrowing the monarchy, spies for example, people were very skilled
at this and would suspend the body with pain infliction without breaking the joints
-Scavengers Daughter: these irons (invented by Sir William Skeffington) compressed
the victim, causing great pain as well as bleeding from the nose and ears. They also
had the advantage of being supremely portable
-Rat Man: ?
!2
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